体球网


巴以分歧缘何百年难解?

YIDUANSHIDAIYILAIGUOJIXINGXINGSHICHIXUSHENGWEN,“GAOSHAO”LIANXUBUTING,QIMANYANDAOFANWEIZHIGUANG、SHOUYAOGUOJIAJUANRUSHUIZHUNZHISHENYESHIXIANGDANGZHANGSHIJIANYILAISUOHANJIAN,ERFENQISUOYINFADERENDAOZHUYIZAINANGENGSHILINGRENLINGRENZHENJING。QIZHONGCHIXUJINBAINIANDEGENGSHIYUYANYULIE,ERDANWANZHIDIDEJIASHASHANGWANRENDESHANGWANGGENGSHIRANGGUOJIXINGYULUNHUARAN。

体球网BAYIFENQISHIMINZUZHUYIYUYOUTAIMINZUZHUYI(FUGUOZHUYI)DEFANKANG,ZHEILIANGGEZAIDIYICIQUANQIUJIZHANZHONGDEDAO“ZHUNSHENGZHENG”DEMINZUZHUYIZHIJIANDECHONGTUHEFENQIYUANHEHUICHIXUJINBAINIANYIRANNANYIHUAJIEYOUYIXI?HUIGUBAYIFENQIDELISHI,NENGGOUKANJIANYIXIAYIXIEYINSUZAIMOUZHONGSHUIZHUNSHANGZHECHONGPAIFAHUIZUOYONG。

其一,由于受大家族部族和地域等因素的影响,巴勒斯坦民族主义在形成之初便具有内在的脆弱性,这种内在的脆弱性导致其长期以来具有剧烈的依附性,剧烈的依附性又加剧巴勒斯坦民族主义內部的分化。巴勒斯坦民族主义內部一直缺乏合理的机制将不同样的政治派别吸纳整合成为能被各方接纳因而具有有效合法代表性的政治权势,更无法在处置巴勒斯坦难题方面提出可行且可以被各方认同的处置计划方案。而由于巴勒斯坦难题在地域政治和国际性政治中的突显地位和比较敏感性,地区大国或相关國家又无阻塞过插手巴勒斯坦事务管理以增强其存有感或强化其政权存有的有效性,巴勒斯坦民族主义的依附性和内一部矛盾给外界权势的插手出示机会和将会。外界权势政治诉求的差别性又内化且强化了巴勒斯坦民族主义的内一部矛盾和派系争斗。巴犹分歧扩散为阿以分歧大便频次多巴勒斯坦民族主义长期的依附性所导致的。

QIER,BALESITANMINZUZHUYIYIJIYOUTAIMINZUZHUYIJUNCHANSHENGLESHANBIAN,QISHANBIANDEZHONGYAOGUIJIJIUSHIYUANJIAOZHIZHUYICHENGWEIMINZUZHUYIDEZHUTUIQI。BULUNSHIBALESITANMINZUZHUYIHAISHIYOUTAIMINZUZHUYIZAIXIANGDANGZHANGYIDUANSHIDAIYILAIDOUJUYOUXIANDAIMINZUZHUYIZAIQIMENGJIAOYUYUNDONGHEOUZHOUMINZUGUOJIAXINGCHENGYILAIJIUJUYOUDESHISUXING,LEQUEZAI1967NIANDISANCIZHONGDONGZHANZHENGHOULAI,QINGXINGGANGKAISHICHANSHENGBIANQIAN。XINGONGXIAJIANGTUJIQILEYI“XINYANGZHEJITUANGONGSI”WEIDAIBIAODEYOUTAIELIEZONGJIAOQUANSHIDEZONGJIAOKUANGRE,TAMENCHENGWEIZAIGONGXIAJIANGTUSHANGQUELIJUZHUDIANDEJIXIANFENG,BAGONGXIAJIANGTUYOUTAIHUASHIZUOZONGJIAOSHIMING。TAMENJIANSUANKEBODETAISHIHEQUELIYOUTAIJUZHUDIANDECUOSHIYUYIZHANLVEANQUANXINGWEIJIEKOUQIANGHUAGONGXIAJIANGTUKONGZHIDEYOUTAIFUGUOZHUYIYOUYIQUANSHIBICIHUYING,XUERUOLEYOUTAIFUGUOZHUYIZHONGXIANGDUIWENHEDEZHENGZHIQUANSHIDEYINGXIANG,ANSHAZONGLILABINGENGTUXIANLETAMENDEPIANZHIHEKUANGRE。

ERZAIBALESITANFANGMIAN,ZHANGQIBEIGONGXIAZHUANGTAISHIDESHENGJIZAIJIASHAHEYUEDANHEXIANDEBALESITANMINZHONGZAIZHENGZHIJINGJIHESHEHUISHENGJIFANGMIANBAOSHOUQISHI,WEIMUSILINXIONGDIHUIDEFAZHANCHUSHILEFENGFUDENITU,SHIDEZAIBEIGONGXIATU,“BENRENGUIDUIYISILANJIAOCHENGWEIYIZHONGTUANTIHEMINZUZHUYISIRENJUDONG”。ERZAI20SHIJI80NIANDAIZHONGHOUQI,SUIZHEGUOJIXINGXINGZHENGZHIYISILANYUNDONGFAZHAN,GONGXIAQUBALESITANMINZUZHUYI、YOUQIXIANGDUIFENGBISHIDEJIASHADIYUDEMINZUZHUYIDEZONGJIAOELIEHUAQINGXIANGXINGJIJUFAZHAN,ZUIZHONGCHENGWEIGUOJIXINGXINGDEZHENGZHIYISILANYUNDONGDEYIYIBUFEN。YIYISILANYUANJIAOZHIZHUYIWEIZHUTUIQIDEBALESITANMINZUZHUYISUOSHIFANGCHUDEMEILIHENENGLIANGYINCIRANGSHISUXINGDEMINZUZHUYIXIANGXINGJIANCHU。SHISUXINGJIAOQIANG、ZHIHOUBEISHIZUOBALESITANMINZUZHUYIYOUXIAOHEFADAIBIAODEBAJIEZUZHI,JINGUANYINQILICHANGYOUJINGYINGZHUYIZHUANXIANGWENHEERBEIRONGXUHUIDAOBEIGONGXIATU,DANYOUYUZHANGQIYILAILAIYUANLIBALESITANBENTUKAIZHANZHUTIHUODONG,YUBEIGONGXIATUMINZHONGYOUJIAOQIANGDESHULIGAN,NANYIDIANDINGQUANWEIXING,QIZHIXINGLIWUBIYOUXIANSHENZHISHOUDAOJULIEPAICHI。YOUYUYUANJIAOZHIZHUYIYINGXIANG,SHIDEZONGJIAONANTI(BIRUDUISHENGDIANSHANDEKONGZHIQUAN、ZHONGJIANDISANSHENGDIANYIJISHENGJIDEGUISHUHEWEIHUBAOYANGDENGNANTI)CHENGWEIJIJIANGTUNANTI、NANMINNANTIHEYELUSALENGNANTIHOULAIZUIYIYINFAFENQIDEBIJIAOMINGANNANTI。2000NIANDIERCIBALESITAN“DAQIYI”DEBAOFADABIANPINCIDUOZONGJIAOYINSUZAICHONGPAIFAHUIZUOYONG。ZHEIYIDIYUZONGJIAONANTIYEZHANXIANQIANGLIEDEGUOJIXINGXINGHUAQINGXIANGXING,GUOJIXINGJIDUJIAOYOUYIQUANSHIZHONGDEXIANZHUYIZHEYEYINCISHEZUQIZHONG,LINGNANTIGENGJIAFANZA。YOUYUYUANJIAOZHIZHUYIDEYINGXIANG,BAYIFENQIYOUKUOCHONGWEIYI(SILANJIAO)YOU(TAIJIAO)FENQIDEJIANGHUI。

体球网QISANZAIQUANQUANQIUHUABEIJINGXIA,GUOJIXINGSHIWUGUANLIZHANXIANGAODUGONGXING,SHOUYAODAGUOZHIJIANDECHONGTUZAIJIDUANDESHIDAIJIANBIANHUIMANYANDAOBALESITANDIYU。JIZAIXULIYANANTISHANGELUOSIYUMEIGUOWEISHOUDEXIFANGGUOJIAFASHENGMAODUNHOULAI,ELUOSIYOUYUXIFANGSHOUYAOGUOJIAZAIWUKELANNANTISHANGCHANSHENGGAOQIANGDUFANKANG,ZHEIYIFANKANGRUGUOCHIXUEBIANXIAQUJIANGHUIZAOCHENGELUOSIMINZUZHUYIDEQIANGSHIGUIDUI。ELUOSIJINHOUZHANLVEQUXIANGDEZHUANBIANJIANGDUIBAOHANZHONGDONGZAINEIDEGUOJIXINGZHENGZHIBUJUFASHENGJIDAYINGXIANG。EGUODEQIANSHENSULIANCENGZAILENGZHANSHIDAIYUMEIGUOZAIZHEIYIDIYUZHANGQIJIAOLI,SULIANWAJIEHOULAI,ELUOSIZAIZHEIYIDIYUYIDUXINGSHIDIDIAO,CIQIAN,ELUOSIYUXIFANGGUOJIAZAIZHONGDONGDIYUYOUYIDINGDEXIEZUO,YOUQISHIZAISHANGXIANYILANGFAZHANHEWUQINANTISHANG。LEQUEXIANZAIKANLAI,ELUOSIYUXIFANGZAIWUKELANNANTISHANGDEFANKANGJIYOUJIANGHUIYIJINGRUOHUALEELUOSIFANGMIANDEXIEZUOYIYUAN。ZHEIWUYIJIZHONGDONGDIYUFANMEIFANYIDEQIANGDAPAIQUANSHISHIFANGLEXINGDONGXINHAO,TAMENHUIZAIDUZAIBALESITANNANTISHANGZUOWENZHANGLAIJIAQIANGZIJIDEZHENGZHIDIWEIHEJIDELIYI、RUOHUAZIYOUPAIZAIZHONGWAIGUOSHIWUGUANLIZHONGDEYINGXIANGLI。BENCIAYIFENQIDAJINGYINGGUIMOBAOFAYINGGAIYUCIGUANYU。