体球网


“还是家能够信赖”:南欧國家的经历

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那么,金融产生退步后来,意大利、西班牙等南欧社会接下来走什么路呢?他们和北部欧洲的社会如出一辙样吗?从今日这一课,你会继续看见:因为永恒的生存风险性,人类社会老是会调整。一条路被堵上,大家就会去开发设计方案另一条路。

NANBUOUZHOUZHIMI

自2008年金融危機以来,有关意大利、西班牙等地中海國家失业率的报道老是很吓人。即使到2017年末,意大利國家体球网统计局的数据显示,2017年11月的失业率降到11%,还说这是2012年以来的最低点,而15岁至24岁年青人的失业率终于降到32.7%——这是2012年来的最低值。

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通过西班牙的Bentolila专家教授和同仁在2008年刊登的研究,在1988-1996年间,一旦失业,意大利男生的平均失业時间为12个月,西班牙6个月,而英国人为因素5个月,美国人3个月。凡是,南欧國家比北部國家的平均失业時间长。失业后找到的第一份工作中的薪水跟失业前的收益例何如呢?在西班牙,未受文化艺术教育者的新薪水比失业前低23%,受过文化艺术教育的要低32%,而在美国,同样的两个数字分別是11%和5%。也就是说,失业对西班牙人的收益冲击性比对英国人、美国人高。

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