体球网


圣多美和普林西比國家概况

国旗

GUOQI

国徽

GUOHUI

  (ZUIJINGENGXINSHIJIAN:2013NIAN11YUE)

  【国名】圣多美普林西比体球网民主化共和国( The Democratic Republic of Sao Tome and Principe;República Democrática de São Tomé e Príncipe )。

体球网  【MIANJI】1001PINGFANGGONGLI。

  【RENKOUZONGSHU】18.7WAN。90%WEIBANTUREN,QITAWEIHUNXUEZHONGREN。GUANFANGWANGYUYANWEIPUTAOYAYU。90%DEZHUHUXINFENGTIANZHUJIAO。

  【北京首都】圣多美体球网(São Tomé),人口总数约6.7万。

  【國家体球网元首】曼努埃尔▪平托▪达科斯塔(Manuel Pinto Da Costa),1975年圣普独立后兼任总统,执政至1991年,2011年8月继续入选总统。

  【ZHONGYAOJIERI】DULIRI(7YUE12RI)、JIANJUNJIE(9YUE6RI)。

  【简况】非洲中西侧几内亚湾西南部岛国,距非洲国内201公里。由圣多美、普林西比以及罗拉斯、卡罗索等14个小岛构成。东与加蓬、东北区域与赤道几内亚隔海相望。海岸线长220公里。圣、普两岛均属火山岛。属亚热带雨林气侯,终年寒湿。两岛平均天气27℃。1-5月为大雨季,6-9月为干季,10-12月为小雨季。年均降雨量1000-2500毫米。

  15SHIJI70NIANDAI,PUTAOYARENDIDASHENGPU,JIANGQIDANGZUONUPUMAOYIDEJUDIAN。1522NIANLUNLUOPUSHUZHIMINDI。17-18SHIJIWEIHELAN、FAGUOGONGXIA。1878NIANZAIDUWEIPUTONGZHI。1951NIANCHENGWEIPUDEHAIWAISHENG。1960NIANSHENGPUYIQIJIEFANGWEIYUANHUICHENGLI(1972NIANYIMINGWEISHENGPUYIQIJIEFANGYUNDONG。1990NIANYOUGAIMINGWEISHENGPUYIQIJIEFANGYUNDONG-SHEHUIMINZHUHUADANG,JIANCHENGJIEYUN),YAOQIUWUBIAOZHUNDULI。1974NIANPUNEIDIZHENGFUTONGSHENGPUJIEYUNDACHENGDULIXIEYI。1975NIAN7YUE12RIXUANGAODULI,DINGGUOMINGWEISHENGDUOMEIHEPULINXIBIMINZHUHUAGONGHEGUO,MANNUAIER· PINGTUO·DAKESITARENZONGTONG。DULIHOUCENGZHANGQIYOUJIEYUNYIDANGZHIZHENG。1990NIAN8YUEQITUIXINGDUODANGZHI。1991NIAN1YUE,MINZHUHUAYIZHIDANG(JIANCHENG“MINTONGDANG”)ZAIYIHUITUIXUANZHONGHUODUOSHUXIWEI,CHENGWEIZHIZHENGDANG;TONGNIAN3YUE,MIGEER·TELUOWADARUXUANZONGTONG。1996NIAN7YUETELUOWADACHANLIANZONGTONG。1998NIAN11YUE,JIEYUNCONGXINZAIYIHUITUIXUANZHONGQUDEHUOSHENG,BINGYU1999NIAN1YUEGOUCHENGXINZHENGFU。2001NIAN8YUE,MINZHUHUADULIXINGDONGDANG(JIANCHENG“MINDUDANG”)HOUXUANRENFULADIKE·DEMEINEISAISIDABAIJIEYUNHOUXUANRENPINGTUORUXUANZONGTONGBINGYU9YUE3RIZHENGSHIJIUZHI。2006NIAN7YUE,DEMEINEISAISIDANGZUOMINZHUHUAYUNDONGBIANGELILIANG/ZIYOUDANG(JIANCHENG“MINYUNDANG”)HEMINTONGDANGLIANGDANGLIANMENGHOUXUANRENJIXURUXUANZONGTONG。2010NIAN8YUE,PATELISI·TELUOWADALINGDAOGANBUDEMINDUDANGYINGDEYIHUITUIXUAN,TEJIANRENZHENGFUZONGLI。2011NIAN8YUE,DULIHOUXUANREN、QIANZONGTONGDAKESITARUXUANZONGTONG。

  【ZHENGZHI】DAKESITADENGTAIHOU,NULIGONGZHIZHEZHENGDIWEI,DAIDONGMINZUTUANJIEYIZHI,PINGHENGYUZHENGFUGUANXI,SHENHUALAOBAIXINGJINGJIFAZHAN。2012NIAN11YUE,SHENGPUYIHUIGENJUDUITELUOWADAZHENGFUDEDANHEANHOU,DAKESITAZONGTONGXUANBUSANHUOZHENGFU。12YUE,JIEYUNXIETONGMINTONGDANG、MINYUNDANGDENGBIEDEDANGPAIJIWUDANGPAIRENSHIGOUCHENGSHENGPUXINYIJIEZHENGFU,LAIZINEIDIGONGMINYUFAZHANMINZHUHUALIANMENGDEJIABULIAIER·KESITAJIANRENZONGLI。MINDUDANGYU2013NIAN7YUELIYONGZHENGFUJINKOUMEIBIANDAMISHIJIANXIANGYIHUIDIJIAODANHEZHENGFUYIAN,JIEYUNYUQIMENGDANGWEICHITUANJIEYIZHI,FOUJUELEMINDUDANGYIAN。MUQIAN,SHENGPUZHENGJUCHANGGUIPINGWEN。

  【宪法】现行宪法于1990年9月颁布,其中规定:圣普是一个独立的主权國家体球网,是确立在常规人权基本上的民主化法治國家。政教分开、司法独立。总统是國家元首、武装力量总司令,由普选发生,任期5年,可连任一届。总统有权任免总理、散伙议会以及颁布法律、法令和指令等。

体球网  【YIHUI】YIYUANMEIJIERENQISINIAN。BENJIEYIHUIYU2010NIAN8YUEFASHENG,GONGYOUYIYUAN55MING,QIZHONGMINDUDANGDEDAO26XI,JIEYUNDEDAO21XI,MINTONGDANGHEMINYUNDANGFENBIEZHAN7HE1XI。XIANRENYIZHANGAERXINUO·PINGTUO(Alcino Pinto)。

  【ZHENGFU】BENJIEZHENGFUYU2012NIAN12YUE12RICHENGLI。ZHENGFUCHENGYUANYOU:ZONGLIJIABULIAIER·KESITA(Gabriel Arcanjo Ferreira da Costa),WAIJIAO、XIEZUOHEQIAOMINBUBUZHANGNATALIYA·PEIDELUO·DAKESITA·NEITU(Natália Pedro da Costa Umbelina Neto),GUOFANGHEZHONGGUOZHIXUBUBUZHANGAOSIKA·SUOSA(óscar Sousa),SIFA、GONGYONGXINGGUANLIJUEQIAOHEYIHUISHIWUGUANLIBUBUZHANGAIDITE·TENUA(Edite Ramos da Costa Tenjua),JIHUAHECAIZHENGBUBUZHANGAILIAO·DAERMEIDA(Hélio Silva Vaz d′Almeida),GONGYONGXINGGONGCHENG、JIBENSHESHI、ZIRANZIYUANYUZIRANHUANJINGBUBUZHANGAOSIWAERDUO·DABULEIWU(Osvaldo Cravid Viegas d′Abreu),NONGYE、YUYEYUNONGCUNFAZHANBUBUZHANGANDONGNIAO·DIYASI(António álvaro da Graça Dias),MAOYI、GONGYESHENGCHANHEDUJIALVYOUBUBUDEMOSITENEISI·DUOSISANGTUOSI(Demóstenes Vasconcelos Pires dos Santos),WEISHENGHESHEHUISHIWUGUANLIBUBUZHANGLAIANGNEIER·PANGTESI(Leonel Pinto d′Assunção Pontes),WENHUAYISHUJIAOYU、WENHUAYISHUHEPEIXUNBUBUZHANGRUORE·RESUSI(Jorge Lopes Bom Jesus),QINGNIANTIYUBUBUZHANGAERBEIDINUO·MOTE(Albertino Francisco Boa Morte)。

体球网  【XINGZHENGHUAFEN】 QUANGUOXINGFENWEI7GEXIAN。