体球网


美国对阿富汗为何欲走还留?

武剑 内地国际性广播电台

总统特朗普于8月21日晚间刊登全国性电视讲话,阐述长达16年的战争新战略。特朗普表示,美国必须再次在阿富汗

行战斗,以防从阿富汗火速撤军带来“可预测和不能够接纳的”结果。但他沒有公开具体的派兵计划并宣称对阿新战略无時间表。

早在2012年,特朗普就在推特上表示,“是出走阿富汗的时候了,美国在为恨美国的人基本建设道路和学校,这不合乎美国的國家利益。”竞选期内,特朗普有关阿富汗难题尽管承诺会打击伊斯兰恶劣主义暴力,但又表示不肯意派军到阿富汗。直到前没多久,特朗普国安团队被曝出存有扩军、撤军和战争“私有化”的意见矛盾,造成阿富汗新战略难产。

NENGGOUKANCHUZHENGRUTELANGPUSUOYAN,TABENNENGFANYINGDEGANJUESHICONGAFUHANCHOUSHEN,DANZUOZAIFANGXINGBANGONGSHIZUOJUEDING“GEWAIBUTONGYANG”。TELANGPUZHUZHONGMEIGUOBUHUIKAICHU“KONGBAIZHIPIAO”,YEBUHUICANYUGUOJIAJIBENJIANSHE,GENGCHENGBUHUIZAILIYONGJUNSHILILIANGZAIGUOWAIJIBENJIANSHEMINZHUHUA,WORENWEIGENGXIANGSHIZAIWEIQIZHONGFUQIANRENDEKUOJUNZUOFAYIJIWEIFAN“MEIGUOYOUXIAN”DEJINGXUANCHENGNUOZUOBIANBO。

TELANGPUZAIJIANGHUAZHONGJIANGMEIGUOWUFADUIAFUHANFANGKAISHOUDESHOUYAOLIYOUGUIJIEWEIWEISANDAGUANJIANLIYI。DIYI,BIXUXUNQIUTIMIANCHIJIUDEJIEGUO,DUIDEQIMEIGUOZAIAFUHANDEJIDAXISHENG。JUCNNBAODAO,CONGXIAOBUSHENDAOAOBAMA,ZAIDAOTELANGPU,ZHEICHANGZHANZHENGYIJINGDUOQULEJIN2300MINGMEIJUNBINGSHIDEXINGMING,HAOFEILESHUSHIYIMEIYUAN,LEQUEQUEZHANGUOPINGPINGDE。

体球网AFUHANYINDIYUANZHANLVEDIWEIZHONGYAOCHENGWEI“YAZHOUXINZANG”,ZAILISHISHANGYECENGDUOCIMENGSHOUQIANGDIFENGSUO,XIANRANJINDAIYILAICONGYINGGUODAOSULIAN,QUEMEIYOUYIGEWAILAIZHENGFUZHENENGJINGJIULIUZAIAFUHAN。ZAIMEIGUOKANLAI,ZUIZHONGSHIXIANCONGAFUHANHUNSHENERTUI,BUJINJIANGQINGCHU“DAGUOMUZANG”MOZHOU、ZHANGXIANBENSHENZHENGTISHILI,BINGQIEHAIJIANGZHENGMINGQIKEYIGENGXINGAIZAOYIGESUOWEIDE“BUCHENGGONGGUOJIA”。

DIER,HUOSUCONGAFUHANTUICHUDEEGUONENGGOUYULIAO,MEIGUOBUHUIJIENA。TELANGPUSUOZHIDEEGUOSHIYIDANMEIJUNTUICHU,CHULETALIBANJUANTU,“YISILANGUO”HEJIDIZUZHIYEHUIANDILIZUODA,AFUHANJIANGCONGXINFANHUI9•11ZHIQIANDEZHUANGTAI。KEGUANSHISHISHANG,TELANGPUZHIWANGWANGJIANGBENBUZAIQIYOUXIANYICHENGDEAFUHANNANTITISUSHENHUA,ZHENGSHIYINWEIJIJUEBIANDEANQUANXINGSHITAI。2016NIAN,TALIBANSHIJIKONGZHIHEYINGXIANGLEAFUHAN400GESHEQUZHONGDE171GE,ZHENGFUKONGZHIFANWEIZECONG72%DIJIANZHI57%。YUCITONGSHI,JUCHENGYOUSHIWUGEKEPAZUZHIPAIXIZAIAFUHANJIAOZHUYINGXIANGLI,ER“YISILANGUO”JIN2NIANDESHENTOUQUYUYIFUGAIAFUHANQUANGUOXING。

MEIGUODANGCHUYIFANKONGZHIMINGQIDONGAFUHANZHANZHENG,ZIRANBUHUIRENYOUYUEFANYUEKONGDEJUMIANFAZHAN。AFUHANQIANZONGTONGKAERZHAYI6YUEZAIQUANQIUYOUYILUNTANSHANGZHICHU,MEIGUOBAELIEZHUYIDANGZUOYIZHONGGONGJU。DUIMEIGUOERYAN,GENGJIAZHONGYAODESHIJIEZHUFANKONGJINXINGJUNLIBUSHUJINERDUIDIYUANZHENGZHISHIJIAYINGXIANG。

DISAN,MEIGUOZAIAFUHANHENANYADIYUDEANQUANXINGWEIXIE“GEWAIJIDA”。RUGUOSHUOTELANGPUZAIQIANMIANYIJINGTIDAOLEMIANLINDEKEPAZHUYIWEIXIE,NEIMEZHEILISUOSHUODE“GEWAIQIANGHAN”DEANQUANXINGWEIXIERANERYIYOUSUOZHI。DANGZUOAFUHANDEJINLIN,ZHONGECHUYUDAJIKEPAZHUYIHEBAOHUGUOJIAANQUANXINGXUYAO,ZHUBUTIGAOLEYUAFUHANZAIGEXINGYEDEXIEZUO,JIJIZHUDONGXIEZHUQIJINXING“SANZHONGGUODU”DETONGSHIHAILIZHENGCUJINQIZHONGGUOYOUYIXITONGJINCHENG。BUJINZHEIBAN,YISHISHANGHEZUZHIGUANCEYUANGUODEAFUHAN,ZHENGSHENQINGCHENGWEIZHENGSHICHENGYUANGUO。

DANZHONGEZAIAFUHANYINGXIANGLIDEJIAQIANGBINGFEIMEIGUOSUOLEJIAN,ERCHIXUSHENHUADEDIQUJINGJIXIEZUOYEJIANGHUIHAOBUDONGYAOMEIGUOWEIXIJUNSHICUNYOUDEJIBEN。MEIGUOYIZHILIYONGZAIAFUHANBAOYOUDEZHENGZHIYINGXIANGHEJUNSHICUNYOUDUIZHONGEXINGCHENGZHANLVEZHIYUEHEWEISHE。2016NIAN5YUE,MEIGUOTURANCHUDONGWURENJIZHANSHOUTALIBANTOULINGMANSUER,ZHISHIZHONGFANGLITUIDEZHIZAIZHONGQIAFUHANYOUYIXITONGJINCHENGDEBAAZHONGMEIDAHUIWUGUOERZHONG。2017NIAN4YUE,MEIGUOXIANGAFUHANTOUFANGBEICHENGWEI“ZHADANZHIMU”DEDAXINGKONGBAOZHADANDANGTIANXUANBU,BUCHUXIDIERTIANZAIMOSIKEJUBANDEYOUZHONGFANGCANYUDEAFUHANNANTIGUOJIXINGDAHUI。KEJIAN,MEIGUOGENJUJIAODONGAFUHANXINGSHIXIANGZHONGEDENGZHOUBIANGUOJIAXUANSHIZHUDAOQUANHECUNYOUGANDEYONGYIYIXIANGDANGQIANGLIE。

CIWAI,TELANGPUAFUHANXINZHANLVEZHONGDUIYUYINDUDEYIZHONGHEBAJISITANDEQIAODAYINRENGUANZHU。TELANGPUJIANLIBIAOSHIMENGXIANGYINDUZAIAFUHANCHONGPAIFAHUIGENGDADEGONGZUONENGLILAIBANGMANGMEIGUO,CIJUNENGGOUSHUOSHIJIYAOQINGMODIFANGMEI、TIJIAOZHICHIYINDU“RUCHANG”TIAN、YUYINDUJUBANXIETONGJUNYANHOULAIYOUYILALONGYINDUDEXINGWEI。ZHEIYIXILIEZISHIZAIZHONGYINXIANRUBIANJIEDUIZHIZHIJIXIANDEFEIBIXUNCHANG。TONGSHI,TELANGPUJINGGAOCHENGRUGUOBAJISITANWEIKEPAFENZICHUSHIBIYOU,BENGUOJIANG“SUNHAIXUDUO”。JIAYUHUXIAO,YINDUYUBAJISITANCUNYOUJIANGTUZHENGDUANHEMINZUZONGJIAOCHONGTU,AFUHANYESHIZHEIDUILAOYUANJIADESHICHANGJINGZHENGWUTAI。TELANGPUJIEXIAO“XUANBIANZHANDUI”DEZUOFAWUYIHUIJIETISHUANGFANGCHONGTU,AFUHANXINGSHISUIZHIYEJIANGBUNENGGOUFANGZHIDESHOUDAOCHONGJIXING。DUIYUMEIGUOZHEIZHONGSUNHUAIAFUHANYOUYI、TIAOQIDIYUFENZHENGERCONGZHONGMOULIDESIRENJUDONG,ZHONGEXUYAOWEICHIGAODUJINGXING。