体球网


吉布提:弹丸之地缘何这般显要

今年5月初,法新社等媒体报道称“内地正在与吉布提协商确立海外军事基地”,一石激起千层浪。内地外交部表态人华春莹对此答复称:“保护地域友谊平稳合乎全球各国利益,也是中吉两国和全球全球各国的共同愿望,中方乐意也应当为此做出更多成就。”这一发言引发外部更多lenovo。而此前,吉布提当作中转站,在内地的也门撤侨行动中充派发挥了重要的作用。目前,吉布提是法国在非洲最大的军事基地、美国在非洲唯一的军事基地以及日本在海外唯一的军事基地所在地,同时驻有欧盟反海盗力量和北约安全性力量。蕞尔小国,缘何这般显要?

webwxgetmsgimg.jpg

先天运气

JIBUTIWEIYUFEIZHOUZHIJIAO、YADINGWANXIAN,XINANYUSUOMALIJIAOJIE,BEILINELITELIYA,DONGNANHEMEIYOUCHUHAIKOUDEAISAIEBIYAXIANGLIN,GUOTUMIANJIJINYOU2.3WANPINGFANGGONGLI,RENKOUZONGSHU90WAN,YOUYANXIAOGUOGUAMIN。DANZHEIYANGYIGEDANWANZHIDIQUELVLVCHENGWEIGUOJIXINGMEITIGUANZHUDEJUJIAO。

体球网CONGDIYUANZHENGZHIDEJIAODUKAN,JIBUTIBENSHENJUBEISANCENGQIANGXIANG,FANGWEICHENGWEIZHANLVEYAODI。SHOUXIAN,JIBUTIQIAHAOCHUZAIDATONGHONGHAIHEYADINGWANDEZHONGJIEDIAN,ECHUJINGUOJIXINGZHANLVEYAODAO——SUYISHIYUNHEDEYANHOU。GENJUYUNHEDEDADOUYUNSHUCHUANZHIDOUYAOZAIJIBUTIGANGFAQIBUJI。YOURENFANSHIXINGXIANGDIJIANGJIBUTICHENGWEI“SHIYOUTONGDAOSHANGDESHAOBING”。QICI,JIBUTIXIONGJUFEIZHOUZHIJIAO,SUIZHEXIANDAIJUNSHIJISHU、FEICHANGSHISHANGKONGYUNSHUGONGZUONENGLIDEFAZHAN,TANENGGOUHELIFUSHEBEIFEI、ZHONGBUFEIZHOUHEDONGFEIDENGDAYIBUFENDIYU,HANGAISUDAN、NANSUDAN、GANGGUO(JIN)YIJISUOMALI“QINGNIANDANG”JIHAIDAOZHUTIHUODONGQUDENGDANGJINREDIANDIYU,CHENGWEIFEIZHOUANQUANXINGSHIWUGUANLIDEYIGE“ZHIGAODIAN”。ZUIHOU,JIBUTIGEMANDEHAIXIAYUYEMENXIANGWANG,LIANGGUOZHIXIANJULIZHIYOU30GONGLI,JUBEIEZHIZHENGGEALABOBANDAODELIANZHIHENGQIANGXIANG。ERZHONGDONGZHENGSHIQUANQUANQIUNENGYUANCHUCHANZHONGXINHEGUOJIXINGZHENGZHIBOYIJUJIAO,QIZHONGYAOXINGZIBUBIYAN。

WORENWEI,JIBUTIJINGUANZHONGYAO,DANBINGFEIWEIYI。CONGDIXINGTUSHANGKAN,ELITELIYA、SUOMALIYUJIBUTIYIYANGDICHUXIANYAOWEIZHI,ERZHEDEMOUXIEYINGJIANSHESHI(RUHAIGANGBIAOZHUN、NENGGOULIYONGDEDIPIMIANJIDENG)SHENZHIBIJIBUTIGENGHAO,DANELITELIYAHESUOMALI“NEIZHENGBUSHAN”,CONGERWEILINGUOJIBUTIDAILAILE“HAOYUN”。

XIANSHUOELITELIYA。TAKAIZUILINGUOHOULAI,YOUYUMEIGUOJIAOE。1998NIAN5YUE,YINJIANGTUZHENGDUANHEMINZUCHONGTU,ELITELIYAYUAISAIEBIYABAOFABIANJIEFENQI,SHUANGFANGDUIZHANLIANGNIAN、GUANXIJIANGZHIBINGDIAN,CIHOUELITELIYAJUJUEWEIAISAIEBIYACHUSHICHUHAIKOU,POSHIAISAIEBIYAZHUANDAOJIBUTI,SHIZHICHENGWEIAISAIEBIYAJIEYONGDEWEIYICHUHAIKOU。9.11SHIJIANHOU,MEIGUODAXIANGQUANQUANQIUFANKONGZHANZHENG。YOUYUKANZHONGHONGHAIXIANDILIWEIZHIDEYOUYUEXING,YIJIELITELIYAYOULIANGDEHAIGANGBIAOZHUN,MEIGUOXIANGZAIELITELIYAJINGNEIZUDIJIANJUNSHIJUDIAN,DANZAODAOEFANGJUJUE,MEIGUOZHUANERJIANGJIBUTIDANGZUOLUOJIAODIAN。CIHOUMEIESHUANGFANG“JIEXIALIANGZI”,2003NIANMO,MEIGUOYIELITELIYAMINZHUHUAHERENQUANJINGYUWEIDABIAOWEIYOU,ZHONGZHIEFANG“FEIZHOUZENGZHANGYUJIYUFA”SHOUHUIGUODIWEI;2005NIAN8YUE,EZHENGFUQUGANMEIGUOGUOJIXINGKAIFASHEJIFANGANSHUDAIBIAO,BINGYAOQIUXIETONGGUOAISAIEBIYA-ELITELIYATEPAITUANDEOUMEIJIGONGZUORENYUANLIJING。CHUCIZHIWAI,MEIGUORENDINGEFANGZHICHISUOMALI“QINGNIANDANG”,JINJINIANLAISHUDUWEIXIEYAOBAQILIERU“ZHICHIKEPAZHUYIGUOJIA”MINGDAN。YUCIXIANGFAN,JIBUTIZECHENGWEIMEIGUOSHOUZHONGDE“BAO”,BUJINMEINIANXIANGTACHUSHIDAPIJINGJIJIUZHU,HAIDADASUODUANLEDUIJIBUTIZHENGQUANBUMINZHUHUADEPIPINGDIAOMEN。

ZAIKANSUOMALI。TAYONGYOU3200GONGLIHAIANXIAN,WEIFEIZHOUZUIZHANG。DANYOUYULENGZHANHOUSUOMALIXIANRUZHANGQIWUZHENGFUZHUANGTAI,CHENGWEIXIFANGKOUZHONG“BUCHENGGONGGUOJIA”DEDAIMINGCI,ZHIJINJINGNEIZHENGQUANGEJU,BEIBUDESUOMALILAN、BANGTELANCHENGWEIKEGUANSHISHISHANGDEDULIGUOJIA,NANBUZESHIKEPAZUZHI“QINGNIANDANG”CHANGKUANG,NANYIDANDANGXIFANGQUELIJUNSHIJIDIDEZHONGREN。ZAIZHONGDUANQIJIAN,AISAIEBIYAYUELITELIYAZHIJIANDELISHIHEMINZUCHONGTUDOUHENNANHUAJIE,SUOMALINEIBUWENLUANZHUANGTAIYEBUHUIGENBENYOUSUOGAIJIN,YINER,JIEZHULINGUODEBEIJU,JIBUTIFANERZAI“JIAFENG”ZHONGSHOUDAOQINGLAI。

大国战略

YINWEIZHANLVEYINGYONGJIAZHIXIANZHU,CONGJINDAIYILAI,JIBUTANJIQIZHOUBIANYIDAIDOUHUIDAGUOBIZHENGZHIDI,YINGGUO、YIDALI、SULIANHEMEIGUODENGYOUYIMOUQUBAZHUDIWEIDEGUOJIADOUCENGHUIGUYUCI,LUXUZAIJIBUTIGANGHUOFUJINQUELIJUNSHIJIDI,QIMUDEWUFEISHIKONGZHIYADINGWAN,HUOZAIGENGGUANGFANWEI(RUHONGHAI、YINDUYANGHEALABOBANDAO)KUOZHANWEISHEGONGZUONENGLI。ERZAIDANGJINQUANQIU,JIBUTIYOUCHUYUKUAGUOYISILANJINGYINGZHUYIQUANSHIHEFANXIFANGQUANSHIDEZHONGXINWEIZHI,SUDAN、YEMEN、SUOMALIHEYILANGDENGGUOHUANRAO,ZHEIXIEGENGJIAQIANGLEJIBUTIZAIXIFANGYANZHONGDESHENJIA。

JIBUTIZUIXIANCHENGWEIFAGUODEJUNSHIJIDI,ZHIJINRENGSHIFAGUOCHONGPAIFAHUIDAGUOZUOYONGDEZHONGYAOCHOUMA。CONG19SHIJIZHONGYEGANGKAISHI,JIBUTIZHUJIANLUNLUOFAGUOZHIMINDI,YINGGUOHEYIDALIZEFENBIEZHANJUSUOMALIBEIBU、XINANBU,GEZIQIANGZHANLEYIGEESHOUMANDEHAIXIADEYOULIWEIZHI,QIANQIDEJIBUTIJIUCHENGWEIFAGUOPIDIBIEDEZHIMINDAGUODEJUDIAN。ERZHANHOUFEIZHOUGUONEIMINZUDULIZHANZHENGFENGJUANCANYUN,1977NIANJIBUTIDEDAODULI,JINGUANCONGCIYUFAGUOCHANGCHANGFASHENGMOCA,DANYOUYULISHILIANLUOHEXIANSHIXUYAO,LIANGGUOYIZHIWEICHIYIZHONG“DUTEGUANXI”。FAGUOSHENZHIYUANXIANDEZHIMINDILUXUBODUOHOU,JIBUTIJIUSHIJUYOUJIJIAZHANLVEYINGYONGJIAZHIDEDILIDIQU、KEYIDUIQIBAOHUDAGUODIWEICHONGPAIFAHUIGANGGANZUOYONGDEDIYUZHIYI。1990NIANZHIQIAN,FAGUODUIJIBUTIJIUZHUEYIZHIZHANJIBUTIJIENAWAILAIJIUZHUZONGEDEYIBANYISHANG,CONGCIFAGUOJIUZHUYOUSUODIJIAN,DANZHANBIRENGCHAOGUO1/3ZUOYOU。GENJUJUNSHIXIEYI,DULIHOUDEJIBUTIYIZHISHIFAGUOZAIHAIWAIZUIDADEJUNSHIJIDI。FAGUOZAIJIBUTICHANGNIANZHUJUN3000RENYISHANG,LUHAIKONGSANJUNQIBEI,ZHUJUNJINGYINGGUIMOZHANGQIZHANFAGUOZAIFEIZHOUZHUJUNSHUMUDE1/3~1/2,SHIFAGUOJIANTINGHEFEIJIQUWANGALABOHAI、YINDUYANGHETAIPINGYANGDEZHONGZHUANZHAN。DUIFAGUOERYAN,JIBUTIJIYOUXIANSHIDEJUNSHIZUOZHANYIYI,KUOCHONGLEFAJUNZUOZHANBANJING,WEIQIDANGZUO“FEIZHOUXIANBING”CHUSHIYOULIZHICHENG,TONGSHIYESHIFAGUOBAOHUMINZUHUAWEIRONGYAODEXIANGZHENG,SHIFAGUOZAIOUMENGHEBEIYUECHONGPAIFAHUIDAGUOZUOYONGDEZHONGYAOCHOUMA。