体球网


古巴导弹危機及其影响

1962年,加勒比海暴发了一场严重的危機。它由苏联在古巴部署导弹、美国则坚持不懈要求撤除导弹而引发。这是冷战体球网期内美苏两大国之间最激烈的一次反抗。这次危機尽管仅仅持续了13天,但几乎超越了核门槛,使人类前所未有地接近毁灭的边沿,最后又以双方的让步而告终,其中有不少值得总结、反思的经验经验教训。

一、古巴导弹危機的背景

古巴位于加勒比海西北部,距美国佛罗里达海岸仅90英里,于1898年摆脱西班牙统治后一直为美国所控制。1959年1月,菲德尔·卡斯特罗启动古巴辛亥革命,打倒了亲美的巴蒂斯塔专权政权,确立了古巴共和国。

当作古巴的近邻,美国不梦想看见古巴政局的转变,并将古巴辛亥革命视为苏联权势渗透到拉美的危险前兆。凡是,虽然卡斯特罗在新政权成立没多久即访问美国,寻求借钱救助,但美国不仅断然拒绝了卡斯特罗的post请求,并且在各个行业采取了仇视古巴的政策。

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二、古巴导弹危機的酝酿与暴发

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体球网(ER)MEIGUODUISULIANBUSHUDAODANDEFANYING

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