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“一带一路”投资政治风险性研究之波兰

编者按:“”的顺利深化与“一带一路”國家的中国政局发展密切相关。由于“一带一路”地域上的好多國家对外深陷大国博弈的战场,对内面临领导干部人交接、民主化政治转型、民族分歧等多重冲突,“一带一路”國家的已经成为内地单位走出去的最刮风险。凡是,对于“一带一路”國家的政治风险性发起分析与评估已经成为当前内地国际性难题研究最为迫切的副本之一。

NEIDIWANGJIANGYIMEIZHOUFABULIANGPIANFENXIWENZHANGDEMOSHI,DUI“YIDAIYILU”DIYUDE60YUGUODEZHENGZHIFENGXIANXINGFAQIJIANLVEDEGAIYAOYUFENXI。BENXILIEJIANGCHIXUFABU30YUZHOU,GONGJI60YUPIANWENZHANG。MEIPIANWENZHANGSHOUYAOGUANCHUANBENGUODEPUTONGQINGXING、TOUZIZIRANHUANJING、ZHENGZHIJIEGOU、GEFANGZHENGZHIQUANSHI、XIANGGUANZHENGZHIFENGXIANXINGYIJIJIANGHUIDEGUOJIAQUXIANGJUTIZHANKAI。

国防科学研究技术大学人文与社会科学研究学院讲师

国防科学研究技术大学人文与社会科学研究学院硕士研究生

国全称为波兰共和国(The Republic Of Poland),古称孛烈儿,是一个由16个省构成的民主化共和制國家。波兰地处欧洲国内中心,连接欧洲国内物品部地域,地理位置特别重要。1949年10月7日中波两国确立大使级外交关系。当前,内地“一带一路”基本建设为中波关系推动协作带由来史机遇。

一、波兰常规情形概要

1、ZIRANZIRANHUANJING

BOLANGONGHEGUOWEIYUZHONGOUDONGBEIQUYUBU,BEIBINBOLUODEHAI,XILINDEGUO,NANJIEJIEKEHESILUOFAKE,DONGBEIQUYUHEXINANYUBAIELUOSIHEWUKELANXIANGLIAN。BOLANGUOTUMIANJIYUE30.6WANPINGFANGGONGLI,YUDEGUOMIANJIXIANGDANG,QIBIANJIEXIANZONGZHANG3538GONGLI,QIZHONGHAIANXIANZHANG528GONGLI。BOLANJUEDAYIBUFENDIYUWEIYUDONGOUPINGYUAN,PINGJUNHAIBA173MI。BOLANYICIFAYUANSILAFUYUPolanie,YISISHIDINGJUZAIPINGYUANSHANGDEREN。YOUYUDIYUANPINGTAN、WUXIANKESHOU,LISHISHANGBOLANDUOCIBEILIEQIANGGUAFEN。BOLANQUANJINGCHANGGUISHANGSHUYUYOUSHENHAIXINGXIANGGUONEIXINGQIHOUGUODUDEWENDAIKUOYELINQIHOU。ZAIYIBANQINGXINGXIA,BOLANQUANNIANDUQIHOUWENHE,DONGWUHANLENG,XIAWUYANRE。

体球网BOLANZIRANZIYUANBAOKUODAPIDEYINGMEIHEHEMEI,YIJITONG、XIN、QIAN、YIN、LIU、YAN、GONGCHENGJIANZHUSHICAI、CHUNTIANRANQIHESHIYOU。BOLANSHIOUZHOUZHONGBUZUIDADEYINGMEICHUCHANGUO,QICHANLIANGNENGKAOLVOUMENGZONGXUQIULIANGDE10%。ZAIOUZHOUDEHEMEINONGSUOFANGMIAN,BOLANPAIMINGDI9,DANQIZIYUANCHUBEIJINKAIFASHEJIFANGANLE15%。BOLANHAIYONGYOUTINGLEIRANLIAODETEDINGZIYUAN。BOLANZHENGFUJIHUAZAI2020NIANGANGKAISHIYUNYINGSHOUGEHEFANYINGDUI。

BOLANRENKOUZONGSHUYUEWEI3864WAN,MINGLIEOUZHOUDI8WEI。BOLANHEJIEKE、SILUOFAKETONGSHUYUXISILAFUREN。GUOJIAQIFAYUANXISILAFURENZHONGDEBOLAN、WEISIWA、XILIXIYA、DONGBOMEILANIYA、MAZUOWEIYADENGBULUODELIANMENG,ZAIGONGYUAN9、10SHIJIQUELIFENGJIANWANGCHAO。YOUYUBOLANDICHUWUPINOUDEJIERANGCHU,BOLANCHENGWEISILAFURENYUDEYIZHIREN、DONGZHENGJIAOHETIANZHUJIAOFANFUJIAOZHUDEDIDAI。LISHISHANG,BOLANCENGLIANGCIBEIWAIZUGONGXIA,DIYICISHI1772—1775NIANEPUAOSANGUOGUAFENBOLAN,SHIQIZAIOUZHOUBANTUSHANGXIAOSHI143NIANZHIJIU,YIZHIDAO1918NIANCAIDEYIFUGUO;DIERCISHIERZHANQINEINACUIDEGUODUIBOLANDEGONGXIA。BOLANZAI1944NIANFUGUO,1947NIANJIASHANGSHEHUIZHUYIZHENYING。1989NIAN12YUE29RI,BOLANGENJUXIANFA,GAIGUOMINGWEI“BOLANGONGHEGUO”,BAITUOSHEHUIZHUYIZHENYING。

2.ZHENGZHIJIEGOU

1989NIAN12YUE29RI,BOLANYIHUIGENJUXIANFAXIUZHENGAN,QUXIAOLEXIANFAZHONGYOUGUANBOLANYIZHIGONGRENDANGZAIGUOJIAZHONGJULINGDAOGANBUDIWEIDETIAOKUAN,CHENGWEIQIANHUASHATIAOYUECHENGYUANGUOZHONGDIYIPIDAPOGONGCHANDANGZHIZHENGDEGUOJIA,TONGSHIYECHENGWEIOUZHOUTUOSU、TUOGONGKUANGCHAODEXIANQU。1997NIAN4YUE,BOLANLAOBAIXINGHUIYIGENJUXINXIANFA,DIANDINGLESANQUANFENLIDEZHENGZHIZHIDUHEYISHEHUISHICHANGJINGJIWEIZHUDEJINGJITIXI。XINXIANZHENGCEFAGUIDING:ZHONGYIYUANHECANYIYUANYONGYOULIFAQUAN,ZONGTONGHEZHENGFUYONGYOUZHIFAQUAN,FAYUANHEFATINGXINGSHISIFAQUAN;BOJINGJITIXIDEJIBENWEIJINGJIZIYOUHUA、SIYOUZHIDENGYUANZE;BOWUZHUANGLILIANGZAIGUOJIAZHENGZHISHIWUGUANLIZHONGWEICHIZHONGLI。

体球网ZAIJUTIDEZHENGZHIGOUJIAZHONG,BOLANZONGTONGWEIGUOJIAYUANSHOU,ZHIXUANFASHENG,RENQI5NIAN,NENGGOULIANRENYIJIE。YIHUIYOUZHONGYIYUANHECANYIYUANGOUCHENG,SHIGUOJIAZUIGAOLIFAJIGOU,ZHONGYIYUANYIYUAN460MING,CANYIYUAN100MING,JUNGENJUZHIJIETUIXUANFASHENG,RENQI4NIAN。BOLANZHENGFUDEJIEGOUBAOHANLEYIGEYOUZONGLIWEIZHUDAODENEIGE,ZONGLIWEILIANGYUANZHIGUOHUIDEXIAYUANDUOSHUDANGCHENGYUANZHONGFASHENG,YOUTAXIANGZONGTONGTIMINGGEYUANMINGDAN,YOUZONGTONGRENMING。TONGGUOBOLANXINXIANFA,RUZONGTONGFOUJUELEYIHUIHUOZHENGFUTIJIAODEFAAN,YIHUINENGGOUWUFENZHISANDEDUOSHUFOUJUEZONGTONGDEJUEDING。

3、MINZUZONGJIAO

体球网BOLANRENKOUZONGSHUZHONGBOLANZUYUEZHAN98%,CHUCIZHIWAIYEYOUDEYIZHI、BAIELUOSI、WUKELAN、ELUOSI、LITAOWAN、YOUTAIDENGJISHAOSHUMINZU,DEYIZHIRENZHAN1.3%,WUKELANREN0.6%,BAIELUOSIRENZHAN0.6%。

BOLANRENGETEZHIWAIZHENSHIQITENGFEIDELISHIWENHUAYISHUHEJIUYUANDEZONGJIAOCHUANTONGSHI,BOLANRENYIQIZONGJIAODEQIANCHENGDUZAIOUZHOUZHUCHENG,ZHONGGUOZONGJIAOQIFENNONGZHONG,DAXIAOJIAOTANGLINLI,MEIZHOUQUJIAOTANGWANGMISARENGSHIDADOUZHUHUZHONGYAODESHENGJITIAOMU。BOLAN95%DERENXINFENGTIANZHUJIAO,QIZHONGYOU75%RENGJIUZUNSHOUTIANZHUJIAODECHUANTONGSHIXISU。JINGUANLISHISHANGCENGZHENGFUBOLANDEPULUSHI(XINJIAOLUDEHUI)HEEGUO(DONGZHENGJIAO)DOUWANGTUYAZHITIANZHUJIAO,DANFANERJIANDINGLEBOLANRENDUITIANZHUJIAODEXINNIAN。QIANRENJIAOHUANGYUEHAN·BAOLUOERSHI(1978NIAN-2005NIANZAIWEI)YESHIBOLANREN。QITADE5%RENKOUZONGSHUDADUOSHUYUDONGZHENGJIAOHUOJIDUXINJIAO。

二、中波外交关系