体球网


程实:南欧已经成为复苏的短木板

体球网  WEN/XINLANGCAIJINGYIJIANLINGXIU(WEIXINGONGZHONGHAOkopleader)ZHUANLANSHIREN CHENGSHI

  如果将视线拓展至政治、历史和社会范畴,根本理由在于南欧具有鲜明的二元特点。二元化的南欧,已成为风险性的策源地和复苏的短木板,持续加剧后危機時期欧洲政治经济的脆弱化。

程实:南欧已经成为复苏的短木板

程实:南欧已经成为复苏的短木板

  “BINGTANBUTONGYANGQI,HANSHUBUJIANSHI。”5YUE24RIYILAI,YIDALIMINCUIZHUYIZHENGFUZUGEYIBOSANZHE,YUXIBANYADEBUXINRENTOUPIAOXINGCHENGGONGZHEN。NANOUZHENGZHIWEIJIDESHENGJIBUJINZAIDANGQIANYINFAQUANQUANQIUSHICHANGKONGHUANG,YIYOUJIANGHUIZAIJINHOUZUAIOUYUANQUJIEGOUXINGGAIGEGEXIN,JINERJIAJUOUZHOUFUZHAIYALI。KEGUANSHISHISHANG,ZONGGUANJINNIANLAIOUZHOUWEIJIYANHUA,YIGEYOUQUDEDILITEDIANXIANYOURENTANJI,OUZHUWUGUOZHONG,CHULEAIERLANWAI,XILA、PUTAOYA、XIBANYAHEYIDALIJUNWEIJUNANOU,JIULIANXIAODAOGUOSAIPULUSI,YESHUYUNANOU。WEIHEWEINANOU?

  人们以为,这个难题已经超出了经济体球网学范畴。如果将视线拓展至政治、历史和社会范畴,根本理由在于南欧具有鲜明的二元特点。二元化的南欧,已成为风险性的策源地和复苏的短木板,持续加剧后危機時期欧洲政治经济的脆弱化。

  首先,南欧具有二元政治文化艺术。一种是残存的威权型政治文化艺术,另一种则是新兴的内地公民型政治文化艺术。在以流血辛亥革命的模式告别君主制后,南欧國家并沒有一步踏入民主化社会,而是广泛经历了一段极权统治的时代,1922年墨索里尼在意大利,1926年萨拉查在葡萄牙,1936年麦塔克萨斯在希腊,1939年弗朗哥在西班牙先后确立了专权政权,直到1975年弗朗哥去世,南欧才真正翻过极权统治的一页,民主化系统进程和内地公民社会基本建设得以加快深化。

体球网  JUNZHUZHIHEJIQUANTONGZHICANCUNDEWEIQUANXINGZHENGZHIWENHUAYISHUYIFANGMIANSHIDENANOUMINZHONGGUANGFANCUNYOUGUBUZIFENGDE“FUCONG”XINLI,QUEFAGUANKONGZHENGFUDEGUANNIANHEXINGDONG;DANFANGMIANMIANSHIDEQUANQIUGEGUODIFANGNEIDIZHENGFUXIGUANLE“FUCONGDANBUZHIXING”DEMIANDUIJUCUO,ZHENGCELUODIQUEFAXIAOLV。ERYOUYUNEIDIGONGMINXINGZHENGZHIWENHUAYISHUBINGBULESHU,NANOUMINZHONGZAICANZHENG、YIZHENGQUANLICHENGZHONGYINCIYEDANBOZUGOUDEJINGYANHEKEGUAN。

  ZHENGSHISHOUDAOERYUANZHENGZHIWENHUAYISHUDEGUANGKUOYINGXIANG,WEIJIBAOFAQIAN,NANOUZHENGFUDETOUZHIFENGXIANXINGHEFUZHAIFENGXIANXINGZAIJIZANQUANLICHENGZHONGWEINENGDEYICHONGFENPULU,YOUSHIFENGXIANPIANHAODEZHENGFUSIRENJUDONGYEMEIYOUSHOUDAOMINQUANDEHELIQIANZHI;WEIJIBAOFAHOU,ZHANGQIJIEGOUDIAOZHENGZHENGCEHECAIZHENGGONGGUZHENGCENANYIHUANQUHELIZHIXING,MINZHONGZAIWEIJIQUANLICHENGZHONGDEBIAOXIANYEBIJIAOJINGYINGZHUYI,BUJINZENGJIALEWEIJIZHILIDENANDU,YEJIAJULEWEIJIYINZHIDESHEHUIDONGLUAN。

  QICI,NANOUJUYOUERYUANSHEHUIJIEGOU。NANOUGUOJIADESHEHUIJIEGOUGUANGFANZHANXIANCHUJINGYINGJIEJIHESHANGHAIDAZHONGJIEJIDUILIMIANBINGCUNDEERYUANTEDIAN。RENSHUJIAOSHAODEJINGYINGJIEJIZAIZIYUANPEIBEIHETIAOJIANZHIDINGQUANLICHENGZHONGZHANJUZHUDAODIWEI,RENSHUZHONGDUODESHANGHAIDAZHONGJIEJIZEJUYUCONGSHUDIWEI。LIANLUOLIANGGEJIEJIDESHOUYAOSHIENCONGGUANXI,ZHUZHONGQIDIANGONGZHENGGONGPINGHEJIHUIJUNDENGDENEIDIGONGMINSHEHUIFAYUBULIANG。

  NANOUDEJINGYINGZHENGZHIZISHENSHITEBIECUIRUODE,TIXIANZAISANGEFANGMIAN:YISHIQUEFAJINGJIPINGWENDEJIBEN,ERYUANSHEHUIJIEGOUXIANANOUMEIYOUZHENZHENGYIYISHANGDEZHONGCHANJIECENG,SHANGHAIDAZHONGJIEJIXIANGSHOUFULI,DANBUYONGYOUCAIFUDEZHUTI,JINGJIZENGZHANGQUESHAOZHONGJIANLILIANGDEZHANGQIZHICHENG,NANOUGUOJIAYIDANXIANRUWEIJI,JIUHENNANXIANGJIJURENXINGDEMEIGUOJINGJINEIYANGXUNSUZOUCHUSHUAILUO。

  ERSHIQUEFAZHIDUPINGWENDEBAOZHENG,ERYUANSHEHUIJIEGOUXIANANOUJINGUANYONGYOUBIJIAOWANSHANDEXIANDAIFALVGUANLITIZHIHESHEHUIZHIDUANPAI,QUEQUESHAOMEIGUOHEZHONGBEIOUNEIYANGDEQUANLIZHIHENG,SHIDEZHIDUWANSHANDEWAITAOZHIXIA,CHONGCHIZHEQUANLIXUNZU、BIYOUGUANXI、NEIMUZHUTIHUODONGDENGANJI。

体球网  SANSHIQUEFASHEHUIPINGWENDEZIRANHUANJING,NANOUGUOJIASHIGAOFULIGUOJIA,DANGAOFULIBINGBUYIWEIZHESHEHUIGONGZHENGGONGPING,TONGGUO《SHEHUIMINZHUHUAZHIZAISHENSHI》YISHUZHONGWOERFUGANG•MOKEERSUOZUODESHIZHENGYANJIU,CONGQIONGKUN、WENHUAYISHUJIAOYU、XUESHENGJIUYE、FULIHESHOUYIFENPEIWUGEWEIDUJIAOWEIOUMEI19GESHOUYAOFULIGUOJIADESHEHUIGONGZHENGGONGPING,XIBANYA、YIDALI、PUTAOYAHEXILADEJIAQUANDEFENFENBIEWEI-2.58,-2.71,-2.96HE-3.09,HEAIERLANYIQIPAIZAILEZUIMOWUWEI,ERYUANJIEGOUYINZHIDESHEHUIBUGONGSHIDESHANGHAIDAZHONGJIEJIDUIJINGYINGZHENGZHIDEBUMANHEZENGEZHANGQIJIXU,ZHEIZHENGSHIWEIJIZHILIQUANLICHENGZHONGNANOUSHEHUIDONGLUANJIAJU,SHENZHICHUXIANFANJINGYINGZHENGZHIFENGSHANGCHAOLIUHEWUZHENGFUZHUYITAITOUXIANXIANGDESHENCENGLIYOU。

  DISAN,NANOUJUYOUERYUANDANGQUNBUJU。BUWANSHANDEZHENGDANGHEBUKEGUANDEMINZHONGGONGTONGZUCHENGLENANOUGUOJIADEDANGQUNBUJU。YOUYUZHIZHI20SHIJI70NIANDAI,JIQUANTONGZHIDEYINMAIFANGWEISANJIN,FANSHINANOUMINZHUHUASHEHUIZHONGDEZHENGDANGXINGCHENGSHIJIANBINGBUZHANG,JINGYINGZHENGZHISHIDEZHEIXIEZHENGDANGTIANMANLE“PAIXI”SEZE,ZHENGDANGSHICHANGJINGZHENGZEBIANWEILEJINGYINGJIEJINEIBUBUTONGYANGLIYIJITUANGONGSIDEZHENGDOU,SHICHANGJINGZHENGQUANLICHENGBINGBUSHIZHENGZHIGANGLINGDEKEGUANJIAOWEI,ERSHIENCONGGUANXIXIASHIENZHENGCEDELIYIJIAOWEI,CHUYUBEISHIENDIWEIDEMINZHONGYEQUESHAODUIGUOJIAZHENGTILIYIHEZHANGYUANYUNSHIDECHONGFENQUANHENG。