体球网


“一带一路”投资政治风险性研究之乌克兰

编者按:“”的顺利深化与“一带一路”國家的中国政局发展密切相关。由于“一带一路”地域上的好多國家对外深陷大国博弈的战场,对内面临领导干部人交接、民主化转型、民族分歧等多重冲突,“一带一路”國家的政治已经成为内地单位走出去的最刮风险。凡是,对于“一带一路”國家的政治风险性发起分析与评估已经成为当前内地国际性难题研究最为迫切的副本之一。

NEIDIWANGJIANGYIMEIZHOUFABULIANGPIANFENXIWENZHANGDEMOSHI,DUI“YIDAIYILU”DIYUDE60YUGUODEZHENGZHIFENGXIANXINGFAQIJIANLVEDEGAIYAOYUFENXI。BENXILIEJIANGCHIXUFABU30YUZHOU,GONGJI60YUPIANWENZHANG。JUTITIAOMUSHOUYAOGUANCHUANBENGUODEPUTONGQINGXING、ZIRANHUANJING、ZHENGZHIJIEGOU、GEFANGZHENGZHIQUANSHI、XIANGGUANZHENGZHIFENGXIANXINGYIJIJIANGHUIDEGUOJIAQUXIANGFAQIFENXI。

黄日涵 华侨大学海上丝绸之路研究院研究员、内地与全全球化智库研究员

梅超 北京师范大学国际性关系硕士

WUKELAN,WEIYUDONGOU,BEIJINGSHOUDOUJIFU,YIDONGSILAFURENWEIYINSUZHU,XINYANGDONGZHENGJIAOHETIANZHUJIAO,SHIOUZHOUCHUELUOSIWAIJIANGTUMIANJIZUIDADEGUOJIA。XILINOUMENG,DONGJIEELUOSI,NANDIHEIHAI,DANGZUOOUZHOULIANGCHENQUANSHIDEJIAOHUIDIAN,WUKELANZIGUJIUSHIBINGJIABIZHENGZHIDI,DILIWEIZHIDUTE(JIANTU1)。DANGZUOYIGENIANQINGDEZHIZU,WUKELANNONGYE、ZHONGGONGYESHENGCHANBIJIAOFADA,YOUYIJUNSHIGONGYESHENGCHANXIANZHU,SHI“OUZHOULIANGCANG”、“CENGJINGDEHANGMUZHIZAOZHE”。XIANRANSUIRANXIANTIANFUYUANYOUHOU,DANZHENGZHIZIBENBUGOU,LINGDAOGANBULIQUEFA,ERQIEJINGCHANGXIANRUDAGUOBOYIDEXUANWO,GUOJIAFAZHANNANYIYIFANFENGSHUN。

“一带一路”投资政治风险性性研究之乌克兰

TU1:WUKELANZHOUBIANWEIXINGTU

一、乌克兰中国政治概况

1991NIAN8YUE24RIWUKELANXUANBUBAITUOSULIAN,ZHENGSHIDULI,MEIDUOJIUYOUTONGBIEDESULIANJIAMENGGONGHEGUOYIQIXUANBUCHENGLIDULIGUOJIAXIETONGTI,SULIANBUFUCUNYOU。DULIHOUDEWUKELAN,CHANGGUIZOUSHANGLEXIMOSHIDEZICHANJIECENGMINZHUHUADAOLU,TUIXINGSANQUANFENLIZHIDU,GUOJIAZHUQUANYOUZONGTONG、ZHENGFU、YIHUI(ZUIGAOLADA)、SIFAJIGOUDENGFENBIEZHANGWO。LEQUEYOUYUSHOUWUKELANLINGDAOGANBURENZHUANHUANYINGXIANG,XIANFAJIJINGGAIDONG,WUKELANZHENGTIZAIZONGTONGYIHUIZHIHEYIHUIZONGTONGZHIZHIJIANLIANXUBUTINGZHUANHUAN。ZI2013NIAN11YUEQI,WUKELANWEIJIBAOFA,RANHOUXINGSHIYISHUNJIANWANBIAN,QIANZONGTONGYANUKEWEIQICHUTAO,YIHUILIKEZHANGWOZHENGQUAN。2014NIAN2YUE,WUKELANYIHUIXUANBUXIUFU2004NIANXIANFA,GUOJIAZHENGTIGUIDUIYIHUIZONGTONGZHI,ERQIEFASHENGXINDEYIZHANG——YALISHANDA·TUERQINUOFU。2014NIAN5YUE,WUKELANJUBANDAXUAN,“QIAOKELIDAWANG”BOLUOSHENKEYIDADAOYIBANXUANPIAO,ZHANSHENGJIMOSHENKEDENGDUISHOU,RUXUANWUXINRENGUOJIAZONGTONG。

体球网SUIRANWUKELANYIJINGTUIXUANFASHENGXINDEGUOJIALINGDAOGANBUREN,ERQIEZHIZHENGYUYINIAN,XIANRANXINZONGTONGMIANLINDEZHENGZHINANDIANBINGBUSHAO。QINGDIANWUKELANDEZHENGZHIZIRANHUANJING,BURONGSHUANGLANG。ZHONGGUOFANGMIAN,XIBUQUNZHONGXIANGWANGOUZHOU,XINYANGTIANZHUJIAO,YIWUKELANYUWEISHOUYAOYUYAN,KEWANGRU(BEI)YUEJIA(OU)MENG。ERDONGBUQUNZHONGZEQINGXIANGXINGELUOSI,YIEYUWEISHOUYAOYUYAN,XINYANGDONGZHENGJIAO,FANDUIJIASHANGXIFANGJITUANGONGSI,DUNNIECIKEHELUGANSIKELIANGDI,ZHIJINYIRANYOULINGSANDEWUZHUANGFENQI。NANBUDIYUKELIMIYAJIASHANGELUOSIYICHENGDINGSHI,ZAINANSHOUHUI,WUKELANBEIZHIJIEJUMIANXINGJIANGXINGCHENG。GUOJIXINGFANGMIAN,SHOUOUZHOUNANMINCHAOYIJIISISKONGXIBALIDEYINGXIANG,EMEIJIANGJUYOUSUOCHONGPO,SHUANGBIANGUANXICHUXIANHUANHE,DANTUERQIJILUOEZHANJIYISHISHIDESHUANGBIANGUANXIDEGAIJINJIXUJIANKU。XIANRENGUOJIAZONGTONGBOLUOSHENKEXIXIFANGPAI,ZHUZHANGWUKELANZAORIJIASHANGOUMENG、BEIYUE,XIANRANWUKELANXIANGCHEDIBAITUOELUOSIDEYINGXIANG,QUANFANGWEIXIXING,YEJUEFEIYISHI。

二、乌克兰中国投资自然环境及中乌经贸关系分析

SHOUXIAN,JIUWUKELANGUOJIAFAZHANCHENGDULAISHUO,TONGGUOQUANQIUYINXINGCHUSHIDESHUJU,2014NIANWUKELANGDPZONGLIANGWEI1318YIMEIYUAN,RENJUNGDP3726MEIYUAN,SHUYUZHONGDENGSHOUYIGUOJIA。LEQUEJINXIENIANWUKELANJINGJIZENGZHANGBURONGSHUANGLANG,HUAXIAGUOMINGONGHEGUOZHUWUKELANDASHIGUANJINGJISHANGWUCANZANCHUDEZILIAOXIANSHI,2013NIANQUANNIANDUGDPCHANGGUILINGZENGZHANG,2014NIANSHOUWUKELANWEIJIYINGXIANG,GDPTONGBIDIJIAN6.8%,2015NIANYOUYUSHOUDAOWAICHANGSHICHANGDONGLUANDEYINGXIANG,WUKELANJINGJIZAIDUXIAHUA。DULI25NIANYILAI,WUKELANJINGJIFAZHANCHENGDUCHANGGUIBAOCHIZAISULIANWAJIESHIDAIDEJINGYU,MEIYOUDADEZENGZHANG,YUBIEDEZHONGDONGOU、DULIANTIGUOJIAXIANGBI,XINGCHENGXIANMINGFANCHA。

CONGTOUZIZIRANHUANJINGLAIKAN,WUKELANYIRANJUYOUQIANGLIEDEXIANTIANQIANGXIANG:DIYI、WUKELANSHIOUZHOUJINGNEICHUELUOSIWAIJIANGTUMIANJIZUIDADEGUOJIA,JINGNEIKUANGCHANZIYUANFENGHOU,YUNZANGYOUDAPIDETIE、MENGKUANGSHI、MEITAN、SHIYOUHECHUNTIANRANQIDENGZIYUAN,HAODUOKUANGCHANDOUHUIWAIXIAOZHIDESHOUHUANYINGSHANGPIN。DIER、WUKELANRENKOUZONGSHUZHONGDUO,SHICHANGPUBIAN。JIEZHI2014NIANWUKELANRENKOUZONGSHUDA4.53GANWAN,DUIYURENKOUZONGSHUHENSHAODEOUZHOUQUANQIUGEGUOLAISHUO,JINBANYIDESHICHANG,XIANGDANGKEGUAN。CHULELAOQUDONGLIZIYUANFENGHOUWAI,WUKELANRENKOUZONGSHUHAIJUYOULAOQUDONGLIDIJIA,SUYANGGAO,SHOUWENHUAYISHUJIAOYUCHENGDUGAODENGQIANGXIANG。DISAN、WUKELANJICHENGLEYUANSULIANJINGNEIZHONGDUOBIJIAOFADADEZHONGGONGYESHENGCHAN,GONGYESHENGCHANMENLEIQIBEI,JUYOUCHANLIANGGAO、JINGYINGGUIMODADETEZHENG。JIXIEJIQISHEBEI、HUAGONG、MEITAN、JUNGONGYICHENGWEIWUKELANGONGYESHENGCHANDEZHUDAOQIYE。DISI、WUKELANJINGNEIJIBENSHESHIJIANQUAN,TIELU、GONGLU、HEYUN、YIJIHAISHANGYUNSHUBIJIAOFADA。LUSHANGFANGMIAN,WUKELANWUPINLIANJIEOUZHOUYUELUOSI,NANBEIQUANXIANGUANTONGBEIOUYUDIZHONGHAIYANANGUOJIA,SHIZHONGYAODEJIAOTONGSHUNIU。HEYUNFANGMIAN,WUKELANZHONGGUOJIANGHEZHONGDUO,YOUYIDINIEBOHEZHUCHENG,JINJINWEIRAONANBEI,JINGYOUJIFU。HAIYUNFANGMIAN,WUKELANLINJINHEIHAIHEYASUHAI,HAIANXIANYOUZHANG,YONGYOUAODESA、YILIYIQIAOSIKE、RIDANNUOFUDENGYIPIZHONGYAOHAIGANG。ZUIHOU,WUKELANDICHUSHIJIESANDAHEITUDAIZHIYI,DIPIFEIWO,QIHOUSHIYI,JIXIEJIQISHEBEIHUACHENGDUGAO,SHIHEDAJINGYINGGUIMONONGYECHUCHAN,GUWUDAPIDUIWAIWAIXIAOZHI,GUSUYOU“OUZHOUGUCANG”ZHIMEIMING。ZONGDELAISHUO,WUKELANXIANTIANQIANGXIANGQIANGLIE,KETOUZIXINGYEZHONGDUO。