体球网


斯威士兰国王:为何能专权至今

体球网 2012NIAN08YUE08RI LIBAISAN

      往期回顾    回到文件目录   中青报系    
  

新闻纵深 斯威士兰国王为何能专权至今

体球网 《 QINGNIANCANKAO 》( 2012NIAN08YUE08RI   10 BAN)

斯威士兰国王:为何能独裁至今

 

1993NIAN3YUE10RI,ZHENGZAICHUFANGYINGGUODEMUSIWADISANSHI。

 

斯威士兰1907年成为英国的维护保养地。1967年4月,斯威士兰最高酋长索布扎二世构成內部自治政府。次年9月6日,斯威士兰正式独立,索布扎任国王。索布扎本来施行立宪君主制,但没多久他就厌倦了反对党,干脆在1973年严禁了一切政党主题活动,并散伙议会。1978年制定的宪政策法规定:斯威士兰沒有种族岐视、不分肤色和信仰、众人平等地享有自由和公平;私有家产不能够侵扰;严禁一切政党主题活动,国王为权力至高无上的元首。其行政权根据由首相主持的内阁行驶,立法机构议会的作用,仅限于辩论政府提案并向国王出示咨询。

1982NIAN8YUE,SUOBUZHAQUSHI。CINIAN,SUOBUZHADEDI67ZIMAKESAIDIWEI(YIWEI“GEZUZHIWANG”)BEILIWEIWANGCHU,QISHENGMUENTONGBIWANGHOUSHEZHENG。1986NIAN4YUE25RIMAKESAIDIWEIJIWEI,JIMUSIWADISANSHI。MEIDUOJIU,MUSIWADISANSHIXUANBUSANHUOZUIGAOGUANLIJUECEJIGOU“LIKEKE”。

MUSIWADIZIWOBIAOBANGSHI“XIANDAIHUADEREN”,TADEWANGFEIZONGSHUBIFUQINYAOSHAO(QIFUYONGYOUSHANGBAIGEFEIPIN)。TAHAIZAI2005NIANQIANSHUXINXIANFA,YIWEIHUBAOYANGSIFADULI、BAOZHENGRENQUANHEYANLUN、JIESHEZIYOU。DANXINXIANFABINGWEIGENBENPENGCHUPOCHUDANGJINYIJIGUOWANGDUISIFA、XINGZHENG、YIHUIYONGYOUDEJUEDUIQUANLI。GUOWANGRENGKETONGGUOZIJIDEYIYUANFOUJUEFALING、SANHUOYIHUI、RENMINGHEJIEGUSHOUXIANG、NEIGE。YIXIEMINZHUHUALILIANGJUEDEXINXIANFAWEIFANMINYI,JULIEYAOQIUDUIWAIKAIFANGDANGJIN。

2008NIAN5YUE,ZHENGFUYIFANKONGWEIYOU,DAIBULEGUOMINXIETONGMINZHUHUAYUNDONGCHENGDANREN。9YUE,SIJUBANXINXIANFASHIXINGHOUDESHOUCIYIHUITUIXUAN,DUOSHUMINZHUHUALILIANGYUYIDIZHI。10YUE,GUOWANGZAITUIXUANHOURENMINGLEXINNEIGE。BENGUOYIDAHUIYUANDADUOZHICHIWANGSHI,SIFAYEYOUGUOWANGDEQINXINBACHI,WEIFANGUOWANGHEQILIYIDEANJIANDOUSHIBEIYAXIA。

体球网CHULEZHENGZHIQUANLI,GUOWANGHAIJIAYUZHEJINGJIMINGMAI,YITAWEISHOUDETONGZHIJIECENGCONGDIANXIN、YINXINGHECAIKUANGZHONGJULIANLEDAPICAIFU。

体球网QUANQIUYINXING2012NIANFABUHUIBAOCHENG,ZAISIWEISHILANCHENGLIYIJIAGONGSIXUYAO12GELIUCHENG、HAOSHI56TIAN。FUBAICHONGSHUALEZHEIGEGUOJIADEJITI。HEXUDUOFEIZHOUBIEDEGUOJIABUTONGYANG,BENGUOJINGJIKEGUANSHISHISHANGYIZHIBUBUQIANBUQIAN。BENGUO33%DECHENGRENGANQIAIZIBING,JUQUANQUANQIUZHIGUAN。

YOUYUNEIDIZHENGFUYANJINYIQIEZHENGDANGZHUTIHUODONG,WANGWANGHUYUMINZHUHUAGAIGEGEXINDEKANGYIZHUTIHUODONGDUOBANSHIZAIGONGHUIDEZUZHIXIAFAQI。YOUYUGEPAIQUEFAHELIZHENGHE,GUOWANGDETONGZHIBINGWEIBEIHANDONG。

分享到:

体球网 HUIDAOWENJIANMULU   SHANGYIPIAN

SIWEISHILAN1907NIANCHENGWEIYINGGUODEWEIHUBAOYANGDI。1967NIAN4YUE,SIWEISHILANZUIGAOQIUZHANGSUOBUZHAERSHIGOUCHENGNEIBUZIZHIZHENGFU。CINIAN9YUE6RI,SIWEISHILANZHENGSHIDULI,SUOBUZHARENGUOWANG。SUOBUZHABENLAISHIXINGLIXIANJUNZHUZHI,DANMEIDUOJIUTAJIUYANJUANLEFANDUIDANG,GANCUIZAI1973NIANYANJINLEYIQIEZHENGDANGZHUTIHUODONG,BINGSANHUOYIHUI。1978NIANZHIDINGDEXIANZHENGCEFAGUIDING:SIWEISHILANMEIYOUZHONGZUQISHI、BUFENFUSEHEXINYANG、ZHONGRENPINGDENGDIXIANGYOUZIYOUHEGONGPING;SIYOUJIACHANBUNENGGOUQINRAO;YANJINYIQIEZHENGDANGZHUTIHUODONG,GUOWANGWEIQUANLIZHIGAOWUSHANGDEYUANSHOU。QIXINGZHENGQUANGENJUYOUSHOUXIANGZHUCHIDENEIGEXINGSHI,LIFAJIGOUYIHUIDEZUOYONG,JINXIANYUBIANLUNZHENGFUTIANBINGXIANGGUOWANGCHUSHIZIXUN。

1982NIAN8YUE,SUOBUZHAQUSHI。CINIAN,SUOBUZHADEDI67ZIMAKESAIDIWEI(YIWEI“GEZUZHIWANG”)BEILIWEIWANGCHU,QISHENGMUENTONGBIWANGHOUSHEZHENG。1986NIAN4YUE25RIMAKESAIDIWEIJIWEI,JIMUSIWADISANSHI。MEIDUOJIU,MUSIWADISANSHIXUANBUSANHUOZUIGAOGUANLIJUECEJIGOU“LIKEKE”。

体球网MUSIWADIZIWOBIAOBANGSHI“XIANDAIHUADEREN”,TADEWANGFEIZONGSHUBIFUQINYAOSHAO(QIFUYONGYOUSHANGBAIGEFEIPIN)。TAHAIZAI2005NIANQIANSHUXINXIANFA,YIWEIHUBAOYANGSIFADULI、BAOZHENGRENQUANHEYANLUN、JIESHEZIYOU。DANXINXIANFABINGWEIGENBENPENGCHUPOCHUDANGJINYIJIGUOWANGDUISIFA、XINGZHENG、YIHUIYONGYOUDEJUEDUIQUANLI。GUOWANGRENGKETONGGUOZIJIDEYIYUANFOUJUEFALING、SANHUOYIHUI、RENMINGHEJIEGUSHOUXIANG、NEIGE。YIXIEMINZHUHUALILIANGJUEDEXINXIANFAWEIFANMINYI,JULIEYAOQIUDUIWAIKAIFANGDANGJIN。