体球网


俄罗斯奋力经济持续增长

YUANTIXING:ELUOSIFENLIJINGJICHIXUZENGZHANG

ELUOSIZONGTONGPUJINGRIQIANKANDENGGUOQINGZIWENBIAOSHI,DAO2021NIAN,EZHONGGUOCHUCHANZONGZHIZENGSUYINGDADAOQUANQIUPINGJUNCHENGDU。WEISHIXIANZHEIYIMUBIAO,EJIANGFADONGXINDETOUZIZHOUQI,ZHILIYUDIZAOXUESHENGJIUYEZHIWEI,JIANQUANJIBENSHESHIJIBENJIANSHE,ZHELIFAZHANGONGYESHENGCHAN、NONGYEHEFUWUYE。

ZENGSUFANGHUAN,JINGJISHEHUIZONGTIFAZHANWENDING

全球银行前不久刊登最新汇报,指出在西方制裁未破除的背景下,去年全年度俄罗斯中国的商业服务投资欠佳,出入口值贸易增速放缓,2019年俄罗斯经济增速预计放缓至1.2%。汇报预计,根据一系列改革革新和刺激性对策,2020年俄罗斯经济将增长1.6%。

体球网SHOUZHIYUGELEIBULIYINSUDEDIEJIAXIAOYING,ELUOSIJINGJIZAI2015NIANCHUXIANFUZENGZHANG,CONG2016NIANDIYINIANSISHIDUGANGKAISHICHIHUANFUSU,2018NIANEJINGJISHIXIANZENGZHANG2.3%,WEI2012NIANYILAIDEZUIGAOZHI。

SHUJUXIANSHI,ELUOSI2019NIANJINGJIZHANXIANRUOZENGZHANG,ZHUHUSHOUQUANWEITUORENXINSHUIHESHIJIXINSHUIDOUZAISHANGSHENG,DANKEZHIPEISHOUYIZHUANBIANBUDA。YOUYUJIATINGXIAOFEIXUQIUBUZHEN,ELUOSIJINGJIFAZHANSHOUDAOQIANZHI。EJINGJIFAZHANBUBIAOSHI,JINNIANJIANGZHELIMIANDUISHEHUIGAODIBUPINGDENGHEQIONGKUNNANTI。

虽然经济增速有所放缓,官方网公开的一系列数据阐明,2019年俄罗斯经济社会总体发展稳定。目前俄罗斯中国物价维持平稳,通胀率为3%;失业率保持在不到5%的程度;固定不动资本投资增长率逐渐加强;截至2019年12月1日,外汇储备达5420.29亿美元。俄國家预算有结余,國家储备金足够还款债务,國家福利基金也在增长。俄罗斯多数经济学家觉得,俄罗斯是目上辈子界上最平稳的经济体之一。

ZHUANJIAJUEDE,YINGDUIXIFANGZHICAI,ELUOSIWEIFUXINGJINGJITUICHULEZHUDUOCUOSHI,ZAIBAOCHISHOUZHIPINGHENG、CUJINJINKOUQUDAI、PINGWENJINGJISHITAIDENGFANGMIANHUODEJIJIZHUDONGSHOUXIAO。ELUOSICAIZHENGBUJINRONGYANJIUSUOSUOZHANGNAZHALUOFUDUIELUOSIJINGJIZENGZHANGCHISHUANGLANGTAIDU。TABIAOSHI,JINNIANLAILAIELUOSIZHENGLIANXUBUTINGKUOCHONGDUISHITIJINGJIDETOUZI,ZHEIWEIJINHOUJINGJIZENGZHANGCHUSHILEJIDADE“ANQUANXINGQINANG”。TABIAOSHUSHUO,ELUOSIGUOJIAFULIJIJINDECHUBEICHENGDUCHAOGUOGDPDE7%,ZHEIYIWEIZHEZHENGFUKEJIANGCONGSHIYOUHECHUNTIANRANQILINGYUDEDAODEGENGDUOHUIBAOYONGYUFAZHANSHITIJINGJI。

CHAOHUYUQI,NONGYEHEJIJIANZHANXIANXINLIANGDIAN

体球网JINNIANLAILAI,ELUOSINENGYUANGONGYESHENGCHANCHANZHIHELIRUNZAIGDPHECAIZHENGYUSUANSHOUYIZHONGDEZHANBIYOUSUODIJIAN,JINGJIJIEGOUDIAOZHENGDECHENGGUOGANGKAISHIXIANXIAN。LAOBAIXINGJINGJIGUOLIANGYILAISHIYOUCHUNTIANRANQIWAIXIAOZHIDEJINGYUGAIGUAN,JINGJIXINGYEZHANXIANCHUYIXIEXINDELIANGDIAN。

2019LIANNIANMO,ELUOSINONGYEBUXUANBU,EYITIHUI1.236YIDUNLIANGSHI,BISHANGNIANTONGQIZENGJIA6.9%。YIKAOTISHENGYUCHANXIAOLV,NONGYEYICHENGWEIELUOSIJINGJIZENGZHANGZUIKUAIDEQIYEZHIYI。CONG2014NIANDAO2018NIAN,NONGYEZONGCHANZHIZENGZHANGLE17.7%,DADADADAOEJINGJIZHENGTIFAZHANSUDU。PUJINGBIAOSHI,“MEINIANGUWUCHANLIANGZAI1YIDUNYISHANGCHENGDU,CONGQIANSHIRENMENDEPOJILUCHANLIANG,XIANZAIYIJINGCHENGWEICHANGTAI。”

GUWUFENGCHANBUJINRANGELUOSIGAIGUOGONGYINGZIJIZIZU,HAIJIAQIANGLEELUOSINONGYEZAIQUANQUANQIUSHICHANGSHANGDESHICHANGJINGZHENGLI。CONGQIAN5NIAN,ELUOSINONGGONGZONGHESHANGPINWAIXIAOZHIZENGZHANGLE30%。MUQIANELUOSIDEXIAOMAIWAIXIAOZHILIANGJUQUANQIUDIYI,BIEDEYIXIEZHONGLEISHANGPINDEWAIXIAOZHIYEPAIMINGLINGXIAN。2019NIANWAIXIAOZHIEYUJIJIANGDADAOYUANJIHUADE240YIMEIYUAN,CHAOGUO250YIMEIYUANZUOYOU。

体球网WEICUJINJINGJIZENGZHANG,GAIJINJINGJIJIEGOU,2018LIANNIANMO,ELUOSIZHENGFUZHIDINGLEYINGZAI2024NIANQIANSHIXINGDE12GEGUOJIAXIANGMUHEYIGEJIBENSHESHIFAZHANJIHUA,BINGJIANLIGUANYUMUBIAOHEFUBEN。ZHEIYIHONGDADEJIHUAYUJISUOXUZHICHUWEI25.7WANYILUBU(1MEIYUANYUEHE61.6LUBU)。PUJINGQIANBUJIUBIAOSHI,ELUOSIZAIJIBENSHESHIJIBENJIANSHEFANGMIANHUODEJINDU,DUOGEDAXINGJIBENSHESHIXIANGMUZHENGZAILUOSHI。

SHIXINGHUIBAOZHUYIDAO,ELUOSIGUOJIAXIANGMUJIHUAJIANGDUIQIJINGJIFAZHANFASHENGJIDALADONGXIAOYING。HUIBAOCHENG,“YUJIELUOSISHEJIJIBENSHESHIHERENLIZIBENTOUZIDEGUOJIAXIANGMUJIANGCIJIXINGJINGJIZENGZHANG”。

体球网ELUOSIJINRONGGONGSIBCSDEFENXISHIBOKATUOWEIQIJUEDE,GUOJIAXIANGMUDEJIHUAFANGANXUYAOZHENGFUYUSUANZENGJIATOURU,2020NIANGUOJIAXIANGMUHAIYINGGAITISHENGZHIXINGCHENGANPAIDU。NAZHALUOFUBIAOSHI,GUOJIAXIANGMUDEJIHUAFANGANCONGQUNIANGANGKAISHIFADONGZHIXING,RUGUONENGJIUZHENGYIJINGCHUXIANDENANTI,NEIMEGUOJIAXIANGMUJIANGCHENGWEIELUOSIJINGJIZENGZHANGDEZHONGYAOJIBEN。

XUNQIUTUPO,JINHOUZHENGFUPINJINGJIDUIZHUNJIANLI

体球网SUIRANELUOSIJINGJIRENGMIANLINGUOJIXINGYUANYOUJIAGEBODONGHEMENGSHOUXINZHICAIDENGWAIJIETIAOZHAN,EZHUANJIAXUEZHEGUANGFANJUEDE,YOUYUBENSHENQUELIQILAOKAODEHONGGUANJINGJIJIBEN,XINYINIANELUOSIJINGJIRENGJIANGWEICHIZONGTIPINGWENZENGZHANGTAISHI。

ELUOSIJINGJIFAZHANBUZHANGAOLIESHENJINBIAOSHI,EJINGJIFAZHANBUJIANGLIBAO2020NIANGDPZENGFUBUDIYU2%。WEIBAOZHENGJINGJIFAZHANDEZIJINXUQIU,BENYUE15RI,PUJINGTICHUCIJIXINGTOUZIDEJIXIANGCUOSHI。PUJINGBIAOSHI,ELUOSIJIANGJIAKUAIGENJUWEIHUBAOYANGHEDAIDONGTOUZIDEYILANZIFAAN,DAXINGZHONGYAOXIANGMUDESHUISHOUBIAOZHUNYINGZAI20NIANNEIWEICHIBUHUIBIANGENG,CHUCHANSHESHIDEJIBENJIANSHEYAOQIUHEGUIFANYINGGUDINGBUDONGZAI3NIANZHINEI。YINQIAORANGAIJINDUIJINGJISHITIDEXINDAIGONGYING。

ZHUANJIAJUEDE,JINHOUEZHENGFUPINJINGJIDUIZHUNJIANLI。ELUOSIZONGTONGWEIHUBAOYANGDANWEIJIAZHIPEIQUANQUANQUANDAIBIAOJITUOFUJUEDE,PUJINGTICHUZHEIXIECUOSHIBUJINJIANGTISHENGGUOJIAYUSUANDETOUZIXIAOLV,BINGQIEJIANGWEIGERENTOUZITOUXIANGZHIZAOYEDENGFEINENGYUANXINGYEDIZAOYOULIBIAOZHUN,SHUISHOUJIANMIANZHENGCEHEZENGJIAJIEQIANDENGDUICEJIANGDAIDONGDANWEIFAZHAN,ZUIZHONGLADONGELUOSIJINGJIZENGZHANG。