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对接“海上丝绸之路” 文莱多元化发展迎契机

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对接“海上丝绸之路” 文莱多元化发展迎契机

  在许多人眼中,人们的西南亚近邻文莱富有神秘色泽。受惠于上个世纪油气田的陆续发现,这个不过42万人口总数、面积仅等于上海的袖珍國家,现如今已是富甲一方的石油王国,其人均收益甚至位列东盟國家第二。显然,与那些因石油暴富的中东國家一样,文莱的经济也因油价暴跌而蒙受严重打击。在严峻的挑战之下,文莱强迫实行“经济多元化”战略。内地的“一带一路”倡议适逢其时,为文莱出示了经济发展的契机。现如今,文莱正吸引着越来越多的中资单位前来投资兴业。于是,文莱有了第一家中资银行、第一个实业投资项目……本期南方财经全媒体集团公司“一带一路”大型跨境采访报道,人们的记者将带你探访这个神秘的“天成科威特”。

  FEIJIZAIWENLAIGUOJIXINGJICHANGXUXUZHELU,YUANCHUYIZUOYOUZHEJIDAYUANXINGJINDING、NONGZHONGYISILANFENGQINGDEHAODAGONGCHENGJIANZHUYUERUYANLIAN,NEIJIUSHIBEIXICHENGWEI“JINZIDUIQILAIDE”GONGDIAN——WENLAIHUANGGONG。YOUYUJUEDECAIFUHEJUNZHUZHI,WENLAIZAITIANXIACANGSHENGYANZHONGFUYOUSHENMISEZE。

  SHOUHUIYUSHANGGESHIJIYOUQITIANDELUXUFAXIAN,ZHEIGEBUGUO42WANRENKOUZONGSHU、MIANJIJINDENGYUSHANGHAIDEXIUZHENGUOJIA,ZHUBUFAZHANCHENGWEIFUJIAYIFANGDESHIYOUWANGGUO,RENJUNSHOUYIWEILIEDONGMENGGUOJIADIER。ZHANGQIYILAI,YOUQICHANYELIANYIZHIZHUZAIZHEWENLAIDEJINGJIMINGMAI。

  ZHUANZHECHANSHENGZAI2014NIANXIABANNIAN,GUOJIXINGYOUJIAGANGKAISHIBAODIE,DUIWENLAIJINGJIDAOZHIYANZHONGDAJI,ZHONGGUOCHUCHANZONGZHILIANXUSANNIANFUZENGZHANG,DUIWAIMAOYISUOSHUI、CAIZHENGSHOUYIRUIJIAN、CHIZIYANZHONG。“TIANCHENGKEWEITE”MIANLINZHEKONGQIANDEWEIJI,JINGJIDUOYUANHUASHIZAIBIXING。

  “‘YIDAIYILU’CHANGYIWEIWENLAICHUSHILEXUDUOJIHUI,BAOHANTOUZIJIHUIHE‘HULIANHUTONG’DENGXIANGMUDEJIHUI,KEYIJIAQIANGRENMENDEJIBENSHESHI,DAIDONGMAOYI、JINRONGFAZHAN,JIASHENRENWENGOUTONGJIAOLIU,BANGMANGWENLAISHIXIANJINGJIDUOYUANHUADEMUBIAO。”WENLAIWAIJIAOYUMAOYIBUFUCHANGMINor Ashikin Johari 8YUE24RI,ZAIJIENA21SHIJIJINGJIBAODAOJIZHEZHUANFANGSHICHENG。

  DANGZUO“21SHIJIHAISHANGSICHOUZHILU”DEZHONGYAOYANXIANGUOJIA,WENLAIZHENGXIYINZHEYUELAIYUEDUODEZHONGZIDANWEIQIANLAITOUZIXINGYE。“YIDAIYILU”XIEZUOSHIWENLAIYINGLAIXINDEFAZHANQIJI。

  过量依赖油气资源

  ZAIXIANGDANGZHANGDEYIDUANSHIDAIJIAN,YOUQISHOUYIYUEZHANWENLAIZHONGGUOCHUCHANZONGZHIDESANFENZHIER、CAIZHENGSHOUYILAIYUANDE90%HEWAIMAOWAIXIAOZHIDE95%YISHANG。

  近几年,油气产量递减以及国际性原油体球网价格低迷,令文莱油气产业链备受打击。数据显示,文莱油气产业链2015年下滑1.1%,2016年下滑幅度扩充至6.1%,造成文莱每每账盈余及财政收益急挫,经济连续衰落。2014年、2015年和2016年文莱经济分別萎缩了2.3%、0.6%和2.5%。

  今日,油气产业链仍支撑着文莱一半以上的GDP,这个坐拥丰厚油气资源的西南亚产油国希望产量在今后几十年可以加倍。显然,油价持续低迷、电动汽车替代内燃机汽车等潜在性发展趋势,都给市场前景蒙上阴影,文莱的能源依赖型经济好像走入了死胡同。

  WENLAIZHENGFUZAOYIGUANNIANDAOGUOLIANGYILAIYOUQIZIYUANDEDUHAI。ZAOZAI2008NIAN1YUE,WENLAIZHENGFUJIUXUANBUFADONG“WENLAI2035HONGYUAN”,GANGKAISHICUJINJINGJIXIANGDUOYUANHUAFANGWEIFAZHAN,FENLIDAO2035NIANSHILAOBAIXINGRENJUNSHOUYIJINRUQUANQIUQIANSHIMING。DANZAIYOUJIAYILUGAOGEDERIZILI,ZHENGFUBINGWUQUDONGLIJIJIZHUDONGSHENHUA,SHOUXIAOTEBIEYOUXIAN。

  WENLAICHANYELIANJIEGOUDEXIANZHUANGSHI,YOUQISHOUYISHOUYAOYILAIWAIXIAOZHI,XIAYOUBINGWEIFAQIHENHAODEKUOZHAN,YOUQISHANGPINQUEFAFUJIAZHI;FEIYOUQICHANYELIANSHOUYAOYOUGONGCHENGJIANZHUYE、DUJIALVYOU、MAOYI、JIAOTONGHEJINRONGDENGFUWUYE,ZHIZAOYEJIHUKONGBAIYE。

体球网  ZAIYANJUNDETIAOZHANZHIXIA,WENLAIJINRULE“JINGJIDUOYUANHUA”FAZHANDEXINHUANJIE,SUDANDEZHONGYAOJIANGHUAZHONGJUNTIXIANCHUJIASUJINGJIDUOYUANHUAFAZHANDEXINXIN。WENLAIJINGJIFAZHANWEIYUANHUI(BEDB)WANGZHANZILIAOXIANSHI,QINGZHEN、KEJIYUCHUANGYICHANYELIAN、SHANGYEFUWUFUWU、DUJIALVYOUYEYIJIXIAYOUSHIYOUHECHUNTIANRANQIWEIWUDAYOUXIANFAZHANXINGYE。

体球网  WEIJIASUXIYINWAIZI,JIASUJINGJIDUOYUANHUAFAZHAN,WENLAIZHENGFUCAIQULEYIXILIECUOSHI,LIRUSHIXINGLE“XIANFENGCHANYELIAN”JIHUA,DUIZHONGGUOJIXUFAZHANDELINGYUHUOMIANDANWEISUODESHUIHEJINKOUJIQIGUANSHUI,MIANSHUIQIZHANGDA11NIAN,WAIXIAOZHIXINGFUWULINGYUKEXIANGSHOUZHANGDA20NIANMIANSHUIZHENGCE,BINGKETONGGUOHOUXUTOUZIQINGXINGYANZHANGMIANSHUIQI。CHUCIZHIWAI,WENLAIHAIJIHUAJIBENJIANSHEZIYOUMAOYIQUHEJINGJITEQU。

  DAZAOCHU“WENLAIQINGZHEN”PINPAISHIJINGJIDUOYUANHUAZHANLVEDEZHONGYAOCUOSHIZHIYI,WEICUJINQINGZHENCHANYELIANFAZHAN,WENLAICHENGLILE“HUANQIUQINGZHENCHANYELIANCHU”(GHID)。MUQIAN,WENLAIQINGZHENCHANYELIANYUANQUBAOHANNONGYEKEJIYUANHESHENGWUGEXINZOULANG,ZHENGZAILIZHENGZHAOSHANGYINZI。