体球网


历史实情揭露:1939年的波兰到底产生了什么事

  第二次全球激战中,德国部队根据“闪击战”在4周内就攻下了波兰。关于这场战役的叙述大多是德军锐不可当,长驱直入,波军则节节败退,毫无还手之力。波兰空军的飞机来不如升空就悉数被德军催毁。波兰骑兵不计后果地用战刀去砍德军坦克。显然,这是历史的实情吗?本文将为读者展现别样的波兰战役画面。文章编译如下:

  GUANCHUANDIERCIQUANQIUJIZHANYOUXUDUO“SHENHUA”,QIZHONGZUIZHUMINGDEYIGEJIUSHI1939NIAN9YUEDEGUODUIBOLANWANCHENGDE“SHANJIZHAN”(Blitzkrieg)。GENJUGUANCHE“XINHAIGEMINGXINGDE”ZHANZHENGJICHULILUN,DEGUOZAI4ZHOUZHINEIJIUGONGXIALEBOLAN。ZHUANGBEIPOJIUBUKANRUMUDEBOLANKONGJUNHAIMEIYOUJIAJISHENGKONGJIUBEIDEJUNXIAOMIEZAILEDIMIANSHANG,BOLANQIBINGZEBUJIHOUGUODIXIANGDEGUODAJINGYINGGUIMOJIXIEJIQISHEBEIHUAJUNDUIWANCHENGLECHONGJIXING,YIQIUWANHUIXIEXULIANMIAN。

体球网  ZHEIGEBANBENDEZHANYIXUSHUZAIERZHANSHOUWEIHOUDEZUICHUJINIANJIUZAILUODAOSHICHULE。CONGNEISHIHOUQI,BUDUOYOURENDUIZHEIYANGDEXUSHUTICHUYIYI。XIANRAN,GUANYUBENCIZHANYIDEDAYIBUFENYUANSHIJILUDOUHUIYOUNEIXIEYOUZHEJIDELIYIDEZUOZHEZHUANXIEDE——GUDELIAN(Guderian)HEMEILUNTING(Mellenthin)DENGDEGUODAJIANGQIANFANGBAIJIBAJIEQUDEHUOSHENGDEJIEMENGGUO;YINGGUOJUNSHIJICHULILUNJIABAZIER•LIDEER•HATE(Basil Liddell Hart)ZHEIXIESHANJIZHANJICHULILUNKAICHUANGZHEJIQIEDIXIANGXIANGTIANXIACANGSHENGBIAOMINGTAMENXINAIDEJICHULILUNBEISHIJIANHUODONGZHENGMINGSHISHIZAITAIDEHELI。

体球网  ZAI1939NIAN9YUEDEZHEICHANGZHANZHENGZHONG,SHIZHENXIANGXINGSHI,SUIRANBOLANLUJUNZHANDOULIQIANGLIEBUGOU,DANTAMENHAISHIZAIFANGWUKEFANGDEQINGXINGXIAFAQILEBAIZHEBUNAODEKANGZHENG,JIZAIBINGLIZONGSHUHEPINZHISHANGDOUZHANJUQIANGXIANGDEDUISHOUDAOZHILEJIDASHANGWANG。XIFANGGUANCEJIADEPINGJIAQIAOBUQIYINGZHETOUPIZUOZHANDEBOLANRENWUNENG,QUEBUKANKAN1940NIANCHUNYINGFABUDUIZAIZHANJUZHANCHANGQIANGXIANGDEQINGXINGXIABIAOXIANYOUSHIZAITAIZAOGAO。

体球网  LIANGCIQUANQIUJIZHANJIANQIDEBOLAN

体球网  SUIRANZAI1920NIANJIUDEDAOLEDULI,DANBOLANGONGHEGUOZHEIGEQIERQUEFAXIANZIJIDEWAIJIAOCHUJINGYAOYAOYUZHUI。1935NIAN,BOLANZHUANQUANTONGZHIZHEYUESEFU•BISUSIJI(Józef Piłsudski)CHUZOULERENRENSHIJIAN。CONGCI,ZAIYUESEFU•BEIKE(Józef Beck)SHANGXIAODELINGDAOGANBUXIA,BOLANSHITUBINGCHIYIZHONGBUZAILIANGGEQIANGHANLINGUOZHIJIANXUANBIANZHANDUIDEWAIJIAOZHENGCE。

体球网  1932NIAN,BOLANYUSULIANQIANDINGLEHUBUQINRAOTIAOYUE;1934NIAN,YOUYUDEGUOQIANDINGLEYIFENWEIQISHINIANDEXIEDING。DUIYUSUDEZHEILIANGGE“PANGRANDAWU”,BOLANDEZHENGCEQIANHOUCHONGTU,ZHEISHIBUNENGGOUFANGZHIDE。ZAIDEGUOYUBOLANGUANXICHUXIANSHAOYOUDEHEMUDENEIYIXIAODUANSHIDAI,BOLANZHONGGUOSICHUMIMANZHEYUNACUIDEGUOTONGMENGFANKANGSULIANDEXIANGSHENG。ERZAISUIJINGZHENGCESHOUDAOXIFANGLINGDAOGANBURENQINGLAIDENEIDUANSHIJIAN,BOLANZEJIANYIDUIXITELEQIDONGXIANFAZHIRENDEZHANZHENG。

体球网  BOLANDEZHENGCEFANYINGCHUZHEIGEGUOJIABULUNCONGDILIWEIZHISHANGSHUOHAISHICONGDIYUANZHENGZHISHANGSHUODOUHUIYAOYAOYUZHUIDE。BOLANZAIDONGBUBIANJIEHEXIBUBIANJIEDOUWUXIANKESHOU(BOLANGUONEIZAIYIGEDAPINGYUANSHANG,ZHEIGEDAPINGYUANCONGDEGUOBEIBUYIZHIYANSHENDAOELUOSICAOYUAN),BINGQIETIANCHENGHEXIFANGDELIANGGELINGUOSHILISHIXINGDISHI,ZHEILIANGGEGUOJIADUIBOLANDEGUOJIAWANZHENGZUCHENGLEQIANGLIEDEXIANSHIWEIXIE。BEIJUDESHI,ZAIOUZHOUDEZHENGZHIZHUZHANGZHONGHUANXIANGFENGMI,ERBOLANDEWAIJIAOZHENGCEZHUDINGSHIYONGYUANDAPOBUCHENGZHEIZHONGHUANXIANGDEZUOYOULE。

  SUIJINGZHENGCE

体球网  FAGUOHEYINGGUOXIANGMOSIKESHENCHULEYOUYICHUXU,TICHUQUELIYIGEGONGTONGZHENXIAN,LIANSHOUFANKANGXITELE。ZHIYOU,SIDALINDUIMENGGUODEXINXINBIAOSHICAIYI,JUEDETAMENDETIYIZHIZHIYOUSHIXIANGBASULIANTUORUYUDEGUOZUOZHANDEXUANWOZHONG。

体球网  BINGQIE,RUGUOCHANSHENGZHANZHENG,SULIANBUDUIBIXUYAOCHUANGUOBOLANJIANGTUCAINENGWEIXIFANGMENGYOUCHUSHIBANGMANG。BOLANHUIFANDUISULIANZHEIMEZUO,TAMENJUEDESULIANBUDUIYIDANGONGXIALEBOLANJIANGTUJIUBUNENGGOUNENGTUICHULE。BOLANDEXIANGFASHIZHENGQUEDE,1945NIANCHANSHENGDESHIJIAN(ZHIERZHANSHOUWEIHOUSU、MEI、YINGSANGUOQUHUABOLANBIANJIE,YIBUFENBOLANJIANGTUBEIHUAGUISULIAN,YIZHEZHU)ZUNENGGOUZHENGMINGZHEIYIDIAN。

  XINHUAIQIAOBUQIDEXIFANGZIYOUPAIZHIKONGBOLANYUNACUIGOUJIE,ERBOLANZEDUINEIXIEZAI1920NIANBOSUZHANZHENGZHONGXIUSHOUPANGGUANDEXIFANGGUOJIAZUOCHUQUESHIBAOSHIDIAOLEXINREN。

体球网  1938NIANQIANDINGDE《MUNIHEIXIEDING》(Munich Agreement)PAOQILEJIEKESILUOFAKE,ZHEIPULUOLUFAGUOHEYINGGUODEZHANZHENGXINXINSHISHIZAITAICUIRUO。ZHIYOU,ZAI1939NIAN4YUE1RI,FAGUOHEYINGGUOZHENGFUXIANGBOLANZUOCHULEQUEBAO,RUGUOBOLANBIANJINGXIANZAODAOFENGSUO,NEIMELIANGGUODAJIANGSHISHANGZHICHIBOLAN。XIANRAN,ZHEIZHIZHIYOUSHIWEIYINGFALIANGGUOWEIZUZHIXITELEQIDONGZHANZHENGSUOZUOCHUDECHILAIDENULIBALE,BINGQIEZHEIYEBIAOMINGYINGFALIANGGUOCHENGRENTAMENBINGCHIDESUIJINGZHENGCEZOUDAOLEJINTOU。ZAIZHEIZHONGQINGXINGXIA,MENGGUOYIJINGJIHUMEIYOUSHENMEKEYIBANGMANGBOLANDELE。

体球网  1939NIAN8YUE23RI,SULIANHEDEGUOQIANDINGLE《SUDEHUBUQINRAOTIAOYUE》(Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact),QIZHONGDEYIXIANGMIMIXIEYITICHUYOUSULIANHEDEGUOFENGEBOLAN,ZHEIBIAOSHIZHEBOLANGONGHEGUODESANGZHONGYIJINGQIAOXIANG。ZHANLINGJIEKESILUOFAKEHOULAI,XITELEJIANGZHUYILIQIANYIDAOLEZHANLINGZIYOUDACHENGSHIDANZE(Danzig)SHANG,ERJIANGDANZEYUDEGUOGEKAIKAIDEZHENGSHI“BOLANZOULANG”(Polish Corridor)。SUIZHEDEGUOXUANCHUANJIQISHEBEIDAZHANGQIGUXUANRANDEGUONEIDIGONGMINZAIBOLANMENGSHOULESUOWEIDENVEDAI,LIANGGUODOUZAIWEIZHANZHENGZUOZHEZHUNBEI。

  BOLANDEQIBING