体球网


少年东帝汶(1)

  如果要问21世纪第一个成立的國家是哪一个,那一定是东帝汶了,东帝汶成立于2002年,当年内地第一个予以承认并与其建交。了却,东帝汶并不是全球上最年青的國家,非洲有个成立于2011年的南苏丹,比东帝汶还要年青9岁。

  DONGDIWENWEIYUYINDUYANGHETAIPINGYANGJIAOHUICHU,ZHANLVEDIWEIWUBIZHONGYAO,MIANJIYUEYOU1.4WANPINGFANGGONGLI,BIBEIJINGSHIHAIYAOXIAOYIXIE。DONGDIWENSUOZAIDEDAOYUJIUJIAODIWENDAO,SHIXINANYANUSHADENGJIALAQUNDAOZHONGZUIDA、ZUIDONGBIANDEDAOYU,NANGEDIWENHAIYUAODALIYAXIANGWANG。

  XUDUORENBUSHUXIDESHI,GUANYUDIWENDAOZUIZAODEWENBENJISHU,JIANZHUWOGUOGUDAIRENDEZHUZUO。GONGYUAN1225NIANZUOYOU,NANSONGZHAORUSHICHUBANKAISHOUDE《ZHUFANZHI》,CHUXIANLEYIGE“DIWU”DEDIMING,CHENGQIWEINANFANGDAHAIYIGESHENGCHANTANMUDEDIFANG。ZHAORUSHIDEXUSHU,SHIDIWENDAOZAIRENLEILISHISHANGLIUXIALEZUICHUDEBIAOJI。ZHIYOU,SHENWEIHUANGQINDEZHAORUSHIBINGFEIHANGHAIJIA,TAZAIQUANZHOUSHIBOSIRENZHI,GUANLIJUEQIAONANSONGDEHAIWAIMAOYI,YINGONGZUOZHONGZHIBIANJINGCHANGTINGJIANCHUHAIZUOSHENGYIRENHESHUISHOUDEJIANWEN,JIERCHENGSHU。

  YUANCHAOFENGSUHANGHAIJIAWANGDAYUANDEJILUZEYAOXIANGXIDEDUO。WANGDAYUANSUOZHU《DAOYIZHILVE》YISHUZHONG,CHENGDIWENDAOWEI“GULIDIMEN”,SHUODAOSHANG“SHANWUYIMU,YITANSHUZUISHENG”。TAHAIJISHULEQUANZHOUWUXINGZUOSHENGYIRENYUDAOSHANGTUZHUZHUHUMAIMAIDEQINGJING:SHUNFENGJIJIE,DIDIWENHAIHOU,YONGSICHOU、CHAYE、CIQI、YINQI、XIYANGSIBU、SEJUANZHIWUHUANHUITANMU,“JIAJIDI,HUOJULIERHUI”。

体球网  MINGCHAOSUIZHENGHESIXIAXIYANGDEFEIXINSHUXIEDE《XINGCHASHENGLAN》CHENGDIWENDAOWEI“JILIDIMEN”。FEIXINSHIZHEIYANGXUSHU“JILIDIMEN”DE:“MANSHANMAOLIN,JIETANXIANGSHU,WUBIECHAN。MATOUSHANGJUSHIERSUO。YOUQIUZHANG,TIANFEIGUSHENG。HUOYONGQIANCAI、TIEQI、CIWANZHISHU。”

体球网  CONGZHEIXIEJISHUNENGGOUKANCHU,DONGDIWENYUNEIDIZHIJIANDEFENGSUJIAOWANGGULAO。BIZHECENGCHURENWOGUOZHUDONGDIWENWUGUAN,BENQIDE“PINDU”JIUXIANGDUZHEXIANGXIJIESHAOBIZHESUOZHIDAODEDONGDIWEN。

  明清时华人迁居帝汶岛

  ZAOZAIMINGQINGSHIQI,JIUYOUNEIDIGUANGDONG、FUJIANRENCHENGCHUAN“XIANANYANG”,GANDAODIWENDAODINGJU,XUNZHAOBAITAN、HONGMUHETAOHUAXINMU。PUTAOYAZHIMINDONGDIWENSHIDAI,YUELAIYUEDUODEHUARENYIJUDAOCI。1816NIAN,HELANKEERFUSHAOXIAOCONGHESHUXIDIWENGANDAOPUSHUDONGDIWENDILI,WEIDANGNIANMANMUJIESHIDEHUARENRENWEIZHENHAN。JUTONGJI,DAO1975NIAN,DONGDIWENDEHUARENZONGSHUYICONG1935NIANDE3500RENZENGJIADAO25000REN。JUZHIDAO,DONGDIWENHUARENNANXINGZHONG,JINSIFENZHIYIYUDANGDITUZHUNVZITONGHUN,LUODISHENGGEN。

  HUARENKEKUNAILAO,XINGSHIDIDIAO,XUXINNANXUE,BUWENZHENGZHI,YIXINJINGSHANG。WEIZAORIKAOLONGDANGDISHEHUI,TAMENZHONGYOUBUSHAORENHENKUAIJIUZHANGWOLEDANGDIYUYAN,BINGGUYONGDANGDIREN。GANGGANG,TAMENDELINGSHOUYEDIANPUBIANBIANJIXIANGZHEN,SHENZHIPIANYUANSHANQU。20SHIJI60NIANDAI,DONGDIWENQUANGUOXINGYUEYOU400JIALINGSHOUYEDIANPU,QIZHONG397JIABIANWEIHUARENJIATINGJINGYING。ZHIYOU,DONGDIWENZUIZHONGYAODEJINGJIZHIWUTANXIANGMUHEKAFEIYIZHIYOUPUTAOYARENKONGZHI。

  19SHIJICHU,DONGDIWENHUARENSHEHUIXINGCHENG。HUARENBAOCUNLENEIDITEXING,SHEHUIWENHUAYISHUZICHENGGUANLITIZHI。1975NIANQIAN,QUANDONGDIWEN13GEQU(DULIHOUGAICHENGDAQU)MEIGEQUDOUYOUHUAWENXUEXIAO,QIZHONGDILIDEHUAWENXUEXIAOJINGYINGGUIMOZUIDA,BAOHANYOUERYUAN、XIAOXUEHEZHONGXUE,BIEDEGEQUJUNWEIXIAOXUE。DILIHUAXIAXUEXIAOJIANYU1911NIAN,KESHIKUANDALIANGTANG,KERONGXIA1200MINGXUESHENG。HUAXIAXUEXIAODEHAODUOKESHIYIDANGCHUJIANXIAOSHIJUANZENGSHUEJIAODUODEHUARENZHIMINGQUMING,ZAIYIPAIKESHIJINTOUDESHANQIANGSHANG,YOUYIKUAIDALISHILIUNIANBEI,SHANGBIANXIEKEZHELIUBAIDUOWEIJUANZENGHUARENDEXINGMINGJIQIJUANZENGE。ZAIDILI,YOUYIZUOGUANDIMIAO,HONGWABAIQIANG,GONGFENGZHEFENCAIGUANGONGXIANG。MIAOTANGZHENGMENYICEDEQIANGSHANG,QIANZHEYIKUAISHIBEI,YIBANWENYANJISHUZHEZHEIZUOGUANDIMIAODEYUANQI。JINQISHINIANQIAN,NEIDIAOMENDEYIXIEZHUHU“LIXIANGBIEJING,CHENGFENGPOLANGYUANDUZHONGYANG,QISHENDONGDIWEN”,HOUYU1936NIANXIUJIANLEGUANDIMIAO。BUYUANCHU,YEYOUYIGEGUANYINTANG,JIANYU1977NIAN。LIANGZUOMIAOYUZHANDI1000PINGFANGMI。DILIJINJIAOQU,LVSHUYANYINGZHIXIA,YOUZHEYIPIANHUARENGONGMU。JIANYUQINGCHAOTONGZHISHISANNIAN,ZHIJINYIYOU1400ZUOMUZANG。WEILEQISHIYE,WEILEDONGDIWEN,ZHEIXIEHUARENBAZIJIYONGYUANLIUZAILEZHEIPIANLINGQISHENSHENJUANNIANDEDIPISHANG。

  ZUIZHIDEDONGDIWENHUARENZIHAODESHI,PUTAOYAGUOJIAHAIWAIYINXINGZAIDANGDIZHENGSHIKAISHOUDEBUTONGYANGMIANEFADINGHUOBIZHIBISHANG,JINGRANYINZHEHANZI,BIRU1000MIANZHIDEZHIBISHANG,JIUYINYOU“YIQIANESIKEDUO”LIUGEHANZI。ZHEIZAIGUOWAIFADINGHUOBIZHONGSHIWUBIHANJIANDE。

  KEXIDESHI,YINNICONG1975NIANGONGXIADONGDIWENHOU,TUIXINGTONGHUAZHENGCE,YANJINXUEXIZHONGWEN,SHANGXIANHUARENJINGSHANG,DUZHANHUARENSHESHI,ZAOCHENGDAPIHUARENCHUTAO。QIGONGXIADONGDIWENDE24NIANQINEI,ZHENGZHENGYIDAIHUARENSHIDIAOXITONGXUEXIHUAXIAWENHUAYISHUDEJIHUI,YIBUHUISHUOPUHUJIAO,GENGBUGAISHUOXIEHANZI。ZHI1999NIAN8YUE,DONGDIWENHUARENJINSHENGBUDAO3000MING。

  百万人口总数却有三十种方言

体球网  2002NIAN5YUE20RI,DONGDIWENMINZHUHUAGONGHEGUOWENSHI,CHENGWEI21SHIJIDIYIGEXINSHENGGUOJIA。QIDULISHI,RENJUNGDPBUDAO300MEIYUAN,BEIXIETONGGUOKAIFASHEJIFANGANJIHUASHULIEWEIYAZHOUZUIPINKUNGUOJIAHEQUANQUANQIUZUILUOWUDE20GEGUOJIAZHIYI。DAOLE2015NIAN,DONGDIWENRENJUNGDPSHENGWEI1158MEIYUAN,RENGPAILIEZAIQUANQIUDI150WEIZUOYOU。