体球网


爱沙尼亚:谁说小国不可当科技强国

  【搜狐IT消息】北京時间8月6日消息,据《经济学人》(The Economist)报道,爱沙尼亚身为波罗的海三小国之一,全国性人口总数数仅为130万,1991年从苏联独立时不过不到一半的人拥有电话线,但在最近20年中,爱沙尼亚已经翻身成为了科技信息大国,孕育出了Skype、Hotmail等高科技单位,并成为了全全球首个让小学生学习编写程序流程语言的國家。

  以下是文章首要条目:

体球网  DANGAISHANIYA1991NIANBAITUOSULIANDULISHI,QUANGUOXINGBUGUOBUDAOYIBANDERENKOUZONGSHUYONGYOUDIANHUAXIAN。DANZAIRANHOUDE20NIANZHONG,ZHEIGECONGQIANCENGBEIRUIDIAN、DEGUO、ELUOSIZHIMIN,ZAIZHENGZHISHANGMIAOXIAODEAISHANIYA,XIANZAIYIJINGFANSHENCHENGWEILEKEJIXINXIDAGUO。

  2007NIAN,AISHANIYACHENGWEILEQUANQUANQIUDIYIGEDUIWAIKAIFANGPUXUANZAIXIANTOUPIAODEGUOJIA。XIANZAI,BENGUODE130WANNEIDIGONGMIN,ZHIXUGENJUSHOUJI,JIUNENGQINGSONGZHIFUBOCHEQIAN,MEIBENRENDESHENXINJIANKANGJILUDOUBAOGUANZAI“YUNDUANPINGTAI”SHANG,NEIDIGONGMINMEINIANGENJUZAIXIANMOSHISHENBAOTUISHUI,QUANLICHENGZHIXUHUADUANDUANDE5FENZHONG。BULUNSHISkype、Hotmail,HAISHIKazaa,ZHEIXIEZHIMINGHULIANWANGFUWUDEBEIHOU,DOUYOUAISHANIYARENDESHENYING。

  那么,身为波罗的海三小国之一的爱沙尼亚,全国性人口总数只有130万,究竟是何如发展出强悍的科技文化艺术呢?

  爱沙尼亚掘起

体球网  SHIJIANYAOXIANTUIFANHUI1992NIAN,AISHANIYADULIHOUDEDIYINIAN。DANGNIANDESHOUXIANGMAERTE-LAER(Mart Laar)LINGZHEYIQUNPINGJUNNIANLINGCAI35SUIDENEIGECHENGYUAN,ZAILIANGNIANNEI,CUJINDANYIHUASUODESHUIZHI、DANWEISIYOUHUA、ZIYOUMAOYIYEYOUWANSHANHUOBITIXI。XINCHUANGDANWEINENGGOUQINGYIDEZAIDUANSHIJIANNEIFAQIGONGSIDENGJI,CUJINKEJIRENCAIFAQIBENRENCHUANGYE。

  SUIRANBUJIUBAITUOSULIAN,QUEFAJIBENJIANSHE,DANLINGZIYUANFANERCHENGWEILEQIANGXIANG,RANGAISHANIYAZAICHUQIJIUQUSHEYONGBAOZUIXINKEJI——WANGLUO(internet)。

  YIGANGKAISHI,ZHENGFUJIUZAIQUANGUOXINGSHIXINGMEIYIJIANKESHIDOUBIXUPEIZHIJISUANJI,DAO1998NIAN,QUANBUXUEXIAODOUNENGLIANSHANGWANGLUO。2000NIAN,AISHANIYAZHENGFUHAIQIESHIXUANBU,SHANGWAIWANGSHIGUOMINDECHANGGUIZHIPEIQUAN,RANGHULIANWANGLIANJIGANGKAISHISHENRUQUANGUOXINGGEDI,MIANFEIWiFiBIANDEGEWAIGUANGFAN。

  ZHENGFUDAITOUJIECHUWANGLUO,YEJIAKUAILEFENGSUDANWEIGENJINDEBUFA。2005NIAN,MEIGUODIANZILINGSHOUYEJUTOUeBayYI26YIMEIYUANMAIXIAHULIANWANGDIANHUAGONGSISkype,ZHEIBIMAIMAIWEIAISHANIYADIZAOLEYIQUNXINDEFUHAOJIEJI,YINWEIZUOYONGGAOKEJIGONGSIGUPIAO,TAMENYIYEZHIJIANBAOFU,BINGGANGKAISHIYOUBUBIYAODEZIJINYONGLAITOUZI。

  AISHANIYADECHUANGTOUMENHEBENRENCHUANGYEJIAMENXIANGJIZAITwitterSHANGCHAORE“#EstonianMafia (YIJIAISHANIYABANGPAI)”BIAOQIAN,HANZHEZIJIYONGYOUZIJIN,ZHENGSICHUXUNZHAOTOUZIBIAODE,HUOZHEYOUXINYINGDEDIANZI,KEYIHUOSUYINGXIAOTUIGUANGZHIQUANQUANQIU。

  XIANZAI,JINSHIAISHANIYASHOUDUTALINDEKEJIJINGMAOYUANQUTehnopol,JIUHUIJULE150JIAXINCHUANGKEJIGONGSI。YEYINWEIZHONGNEIDIXUSHICHANGGUOXIAO,SHIDEZHEIXIEGAOKEJIGONGSIBUDEBUJIANGMUGUANGXIANGWAIKAN,SHENSHIDEDOUHUIQUANQUANQIUSHICHANG。

  JUQUANQIUYINXING(World Bank)TONGJI,2011NIANAISHANIYAYOU14000JIAXINZHUCEDEGONGSI,HE2008NIANTONGQIXIANGBI,XINSHEGONGSIZENGZHANGDEFUDUCHAOGUO40%。XIANZAI,ZHEIXIEGAOKEJIGONGSIDECHANZHI,GENGSHIZHANDAOLEAISHANIYAGDP(LAOBAIXINGCHUCHANZONGZHI)DE15%。

  获得成功的窍门

  爱沙尼亚的经验可以被别的地域复制么?

体球网  《JINGJIXUEREN》GAIKUOLELIANGDAYAODIAN,SHOUXIANJIUSHIXUEHUIHUANNAOSHENSHI。AISHANIYAXIANRENZONGTONGYIWEISI(Toomas Hendrik Ilves)JIENACAIFANGSHIZHUZHONG,BUSHISHEQIJIUJISHU、YONGBAOXINKEJIJIUXING,DANCONGBAOSHUICHENGXULIUCHENGSHANGLAIKAN,ZHENGFUJIUBUYAORANGGUOMINZAIJISUANJISHANGZHONGFUZHIBENBAOSHUIDELIUCHENG,ERSHIYINGGAILIYONGXINJISHUDEQIANGXIANG,XIANRANGJISUANJIJISUANCHUGUOMINYINGGAIBAOSHUIDEEDU,MINZHONGZHIXUSHANGWAIWANGFAQIHECHAJIUNENGGOULE。MUQIAN,YOUGAODA95%DEAISHANIYANEIDIGONGMINDOUSHIZHIJIEYINGYONGZHEIXIANGTUISHUIFUWU。

  LINGYIGE,WENHUAYISHUJIAOYUSHIRANGAISHANIYASHENGJIDEZHONGYAOLIYOU。QUNIAN,AISHANIYAZHENGSHITUICHU“CHENGXULIUCHENGLAOHU(ProgeTiiger)”JIHUA,GUANJIAOYIBUFEN1-12SUISHUDEXUESHENG,GENJULEGAOJIQISHEBEIRENMindstormsJIBIEDEXUEXIJIAOCAITIAOMU,XUEXIBIANXIECHENGXULIUCHENGYUYAN,HUOSHISHITONGQUANLICHENGXULIUCHENGKAIFASHEJIFANGANGONGJU,RANGXIAOPENYOUWUXUXIEYUYAN,YENENGDUIJIQISHEBEIRENXIAMINGLING。KANQILAISHIZAIPEIYU“KEJIKUANGREFENZI(Geeks)”DANBEIHOUQUESHITONGQUANLICHENGXULIUCHENGYUYANLAIXUNLIANHAIZIDELUOJISHENSHI、DIZAOLI,YEYOUZHANGWOJINHOUQUANQIUDEGOUTONGYUYAN。

  “1980NIANDAIDEGAOZHONGNANHAIDOUXIANGCHENGWEIYAOGUNJUXING”,SkypeDIYIHAOYUANGONG,MUQIANYIJINGZIXINGBENRENCHUANGYEDETAWEITE-XINLIKUSI(Taavet Hinrikus)DUI《JINGJIXUEREN》SHUO,“DANXIANZAI,ZHEIXIENANHAIDOUQIWANGCHENGWEIBENRENCHUANGYEJIA。”(Rsien)

it.sohu.com true 搜狐IT report 1952 【搜狐IT消息】北京時间8月6日消息,据《经济学人》(TheEconomist)报道,爱沙尼亚身为波罗的海三小国之一,全国性人口总数数仅为130万,1991年从苏联独